The 1751 Machine that Made Everything

  • Published on Mar 15, 2018
  • If you had to pick one machine that triggered the biggest explosion of wealth in our history, which would you pick?
    Let me know in the comments if you agree with my choice!
    If you enjoy content like this, please subscribe.
    Per Capita income data source: Angus Maddison "Statistics on World Population, GDP and Per Capita GDP 1-2008AD"
  • Science & TechnologyScience & Technology

Comments • 2 390

  • Rex Krueger
    Rex Krueger 4 months ago +480

    Amazing! Stunning! Such a clear and entertaining way of explaining an essential (but potentially boring) project. On my channel, I use the wood lathe a lot, but I'm frustrated with the way people only see it as a way to make decorative items. I use it for some more precise tasks and I'm about to start building my own. This video is a great inspiration. I expect your subscriber count will shoot up very soon. Keep up the good work!

    • SleepDa Mouse
      SleepDa Mouse 7 days ago

      Rex Krueger maybe spell lathe somewhere else... the video is slow and boring and I only made it to 3:48 because I was hoping somewhere would be how to spell that word so I can find something good on it

    • tarstarkusz
      tarstarkusz 2 months ago

      +Haus... Your chart shows oil at about 1/3 and it is labelled as transportation. There is a small amount of heating oil used in America, but it is not for electric generation. Of course, the other 2/3 of the chart show electric generation.
      Your link just shows that I'm right.

    • Chuck T.
      Chuck T. 2 months ago

      but isn't most of this just really inflation?

    • Huastecmonkey
      Huastecmonkey 2 months ago

      tarstarkusz ......that's where your wrong there buddy. You need to research yourself these kinds of things before you start to sound like your out of place.

    • tarstarkusz
      tarstarkusz 2 months ago

      +Huast... Not really. Oil is a transportation fuel when it's used as a fuel. Some oil is converted into a substitute for anthracite for steel making, but I am pretty sure it is not burned in the US or Europe or Canada etc for electricity. Electricity is king when it comes to energy.

  • Yung Swaggot
    Yung Swaggot 2 hours ago

    It would be helpful if you linked the first video in the description or as an annotation in the video. I'm on mobile and it isn't appearing underneath in the suggested so it makes it difficult to find.

  • Muranaman
    Muranaman 15 hours ago

    The people living in the 1000-1800s learned how to use wood stone and steel, to make tools, bridges, roads
    1800-1900 used steel machinery.
    1900-1950 steel vehicles and machinery.
    1930-1960 Electric products
    1960-1980 Electronic products(TV, radio, hifi, the advancement of electricity)
    1980-2000 Informatica (the programming and advancement of electronics), software developing hardware
    2000-2020 refinement of hardware, microbiology, Discovery of new and composite materials
    2020-???? Quantum technology, gene and dna research, AI research, software developing software.
    20??-21?? Analog Quantum PCs (or full quantum PCs), most of the world is driven by machinery and electronics.
    21??-???? The fall of mankind. Most of men will have lost the will to study or grow, since machinery has done it for them for so many decades. Few clever wizards on the top, majority of mankind poor.

  • Rambo Wales
    Rambo Wales Day ago

    I thought the black plague caused the middle class from employer competition for employee's after everyone died. But I guess you say the lathe caused it. Automation caused wages to go up, that makes no sense compared to todays business model. Henry Ford proved that.

  • NunYo Bizzness
    NunYo Bizzness Day ago

    Amount of pay... cost of living.

  • TonkarzOfSolSystem

    These early machines were also the ancestors of another great invention: the computer. Computers used punchcards right up until the 1970s, and punchcards were first invented for the Jacquard loom.

    • Machine Thinking
      Machine Thinking  Day ago

      See my video Paris' Temple to Science. Covers exactly this!

  • All mankind
    All mankind Day ago

    I'd guess the combustion engine is the one. Something like six of the ten most profitable businesses in the world today are oil companies. I mean they've even known they're ruining the environment on a geological scale since the 1970s but it's so hard to argue against the kind of money they make. It may just depend on if you count the relative scale of wealth expansion or the numbers in dollars.

  • Marshall Kell
    Marshall Kell Day ago

    Until the CNC machine and 3D printer, the lathe was the only thing in the world that could recreate itself.
    I am very proud to say my dad is a machinist.

  • 803brando
    803brando Day ago

    the chinese government revealed their AI that can predict if someone is a criminal or not. "precrime" its here and its 90% accurate, its over folks.

  • Rob Schoufour
    Rob Schoufour 2 days ago

    I always thought the invention of the steam engine with a big deal but there would be no steam engine if it wasn't for a accurately lathe

  • Buck Turgidson
    Buck Turgidson 2 days ago

    I think you are miss associating growth in GDP here. GDP growth was directly connected with the industrial revolution. The original machines which birthed the IR did not need a lathe to build. The lathe helped sustain the growth but did not incept it.

  • Purr Cat
    Purr Cat 2 days ago

    Andrew Smolnikar and The Etzler Machine. Check it out.

  • answerBACK-films
    answerBACK-films 2 days ago

    The TRUE beginning of the industrial revolution. Viva Le France !

  • R Z
    R Z 2 days ago

    " . . . unless that's your thing . . . which is totally cool"
    No . . . it's not. It is NOT cool to be manually working in a field somewhere. Stop being politically correct. If you are manually working in a field somewhere, chances are high that your life is hell and your mortality rate is high.

  • Mert Güneş
    Mert Güneş 2 days ago

    This is such a great video

  • Murad Talukdar
    Murad Talukdar 2 days ago

    The metro station Arts et Metiers is the best station in Paris.

  • Arthur Ying Gaudefroy

    I just started watching your videos and I love how much history you put in mechanical objects. Subscribed!

  • Arthur Ying Gaudefroy

    You could say that America didn't invent the American system of manufacturing but were open-minded enough to accept and implement such a new thing.

  • Arthur Ying Gaudefroy

    6:12 What is that picture?

  • Gaijin Senpai
    Gaijin Senpai 3 days ago

    Or... Hear me out. Someone in the early 1800s invented inflation.

  • Rob Lowery
    Rob Lowery 3 days ago

    Outstanding arguement! I really enjoyed your perspective. Can't wait to see more of your content.

  • Anonymous User
    Anonymous User 3 days ago +1

    well, that was painfully boring

  • Stefan Lazic
    Stefan Lazic 3 days ago

    We need to increase world population to 20 billion otherwise people become too rich and complacent. All houses need to be destroyed and replaced with tiny tiny apartments.

  • bricology
    bricology 3 days ago

    I want to acknowledge that you've done a masterful job of relating both content and enthusiasm to *this* viewer, and have earned another subscriber. I hope you make many, many more such videos, and I'm looking forward to watching the 10 others that you've already made.

  • Robert Chase
    Robert Chase 3 days ago

    "Voh-ka-sonh [nasalized "n"]"

  • FixItStupid
    FixItStupid 4 days ago

    Its A Nuclear END One Way Or The Other You Know

  • brandon jarvis
    brandon jarvis 4 days ago

    Around the year 1000 on ur chart, the line starts goin up! What happened round then?

  • 10 cylinders SON
    10 cylinders SON 4 days ago

    I just like watchEn the viDeos of peOples arMs being pulled off n stuFf

  • Paul Tudor
    Paul Tudor 4 days ago

    The Mill was also required to produce flat long surfaces.

  • 野龍
    野龍 4 days ago

    And nowadays with the introduction of PLC (especially more capable ones, though you can barely only use PLC nowadays) and IoT technologies (mostly for tracking but can make the ordering part more convenient as well), plus the mind of industry 4.0, we can see things that are made in industry yet still being "one of a kind". It's simply not possible when you have to hard wire a machine to automate it, and economically not efficient to use non automatic processes (like machine assisted sewing, which if you try to make an order you would likely have to order at least 500 rather than just 1).
    So maybe the next thing would be PLC (for making quick changeover possible), and the one after it would be, well, IoT, as in software (for auto tracking what's being ordered and produced) since the hardware is mostly already there for years. Sure 3D printing is also important, but just like CNC, firstly it's not fast enough yet, secondly it's simply not capable enough without potential IoT technology since you would have to unload everything by hand.

  • dougjstl1
    dougjstl1 4 days ago

    I guess you could say the printing press the Gutenberg Press because it could print out all the blueprints to all the machines that's what I would say

  • Kscott McCauslin
    Kscott McCauslin 4 days ago


  • 01harvey
    01harvey 4 days ago

    I thought Leonardo da Vinci invented the first metal lathe

  • John Schauder
    John Schauder 4 days ago

    Someone from 500 years ago would be astonished at the amount of crap we consume... even those in extreme poverty.

  • Wall Cutter
    Wall Cutter 5 days ago

    I wish I knew about this museum when I did go to Paris. I appreciate your insight and would agree to some extent but there are other machine that might compete for that title. Unlike so many worthless videos on here your's is Informatiive. Thanks

  • Mike Taylor
    Mike Taylor 5 days ago

    You have a good point, the lathe is very important, it also allowed farms to produce substantially more food, thank you farmers!

  • Traveling Kaspers World

    This is a fun video to watch. Machines and history...a good mix....actually Machines , History and tea. Wait. Machines, History, Tea, and a donut

  • Crazy 8s Drums
    Crazy 8s Drums 5 days ago

    Your videos are outstanding, fascinating and important! Keep up the great work!

  • Crazy 8s Drums
    Crazy 8s Drums 5 days ago

    I would say that the machine that triggered the biggest explosion of 'wealth' in our history is the mill...and a lathe is basically a reverse mill. On a mill, the tool spins. On a lathe, the part spins. My definition of 'wealth' is different than others and I refer to sustenance A great many things were changing at the point in time described in this video that all formed the industrial revolution...mostly a change in thought and human priority. Population growth, stabilized by the improved utilization of grains and other food staples. A population with more available time for thought and experimentation, thought afforded by a greater wealth of food.

    ARYN SCHROEDER 5 days ago


  • Richard Bowers
    Richard Bowers 6 days ago

    Steam engine. Just saying.

  • theymusthatetesla
    theymusthatetesla 6 days ago

    As I've always said: "tools to make tools to make tools to make tools"

  • The President of The Internet

    I take it you havet seen some of the ancient pre-Roman MASSIVE stone structures which show signs of having been turned on massive lathes that could have only been made from metal to be strong enough - your assumption the modern lathe changed everything is nonsense and poor history, it was just one in a huge explosion of technology and practices such as standardization - Charles Babbage invented the first working computer in the same century, steam power became a reality - there's no "one machine" or point we can look to - unless of course you just want youtube clicks

  • GADCL4
    GADCL4 6 days ago

    So he didn't invent anything. He took other people's ideas and changed them a bit and then took credit for them. Just like Edison.

    • Danny Ripper
      Danny Ripper 3 days ago

      No, he took the ideas of others and made them better, which is what practically every man-made thing in existence pretty much is.

  • Thomas Dagley
    Thomas Dagley 7 days ago

    You had me (on the context section) until the 6 minute mark - all historically significant and accurate. Saying workers can buy things for themselves leading to a consumer culture, true. But the vast majority of surplus production caused by industrialization was utilized by the aristocratic elites to form modern capitalist society through empire and authority intensification. Classes were created to fulfill those actions of authority development, and here we - post civil-rights movement backlash - are.

  • jello mob
    jello mob 7 days ago

    god bless capitalism

  • Søren Holm
    Søren Holm 7 days ago

    The exploitation of oil for mechanizing work I believe is a much larger contributor - but give you was without machines to run, oil would have been useless. Great video.

  • ŦheŁauręnŧ
    ŦheŁauręnŧ 7 days ago

    holy jesus those crankshafts at 1:53 are massive, wonder if those are for airplane engines

  • Mosh Pit
    Mosh Pit 8 days ago

    Even though there is an increase in wealth, the distribution of it has remained unchanged. Only a few possess that uptick. What's the point if only a handful feast while the rest famine. What a joke.

  • junkdeal
    junkdeal 8 days ago

    On a list of 10 mechanical inventions (such as the horse collar, hod-carrier, etc) the number one was the "lead screw" It is part of the lathe that advances the tool bit a predictable amount with each revolution. Great for making threads, but so much more too! They say this is the beginning of the ability to mass-produce INTERCHANGEABLE parts for large runs of identical items made of many parts. About 1840's or so was the advent of this ability. I think it was demonstrated on Springfield rifles for the first full-scale attempt.

  • xeepromx
    xeepromx 8 days ago

    Lathe, mill, drill, FTW!

  • GeorgeMonet
    GeorgeMonet 8 days ago

    7:20 You forget that it was canning which contributed more to surplus than switching to machines. Without canning the surplus they would have had no sufficient way of storing it at the time.

  • GeorgeMonet
    GeorgeMonet 8 days ago

    There is no one machine which by itself changed the world.

  • GeorgeMonet
    GeorgeMonet 8 days ago

    They had lathes before 1751...

  • Philip Schoeninger
    Philip Schoeninger 8 days ago

    Great video! Enlightening and entertaining! Keep up the great work.

  • LameUFO
    LameUFO 8 days ago

    Video falls apart 3 minutes in.
    You emphasis this being a benchmark machine, but ignore the smaller versions that were made fro a few hundred years before that?
    We could speculate a lot of things, there could have been many other reasons for the advance around that time.

  • The Metal Butcher
    The Metal Butcher 9 days ago

    I would have to agree that the lathe is the most important machine tool ever made.

  • Kyle B
    Kyle B 9 days ago

    I personally think the worst thing humans ever did was escape the Malthusian "trap". Creating wealth at the expense of everything else is a loser. Fantastic video, btw

  • QuantumRift
    QuantumRift 9 days ago

    ....uh.....steam engine? Ah, the lathe...yes it allowed for the creation of finely machined, accurate machine tools.

  • S.O C
    S.O C 10 days ago

    If the chart is in 1990 USD, aren’t the effects of inflation unaccounted for in the chart? A penny in 1990 is effectively nothing, whereas a century (or earlier given the length of time represented) it’s quite conceivable that an increase in cost from 1 cent to 2 cents would have had a more dramatic effect on the economy. Not denying the impact of the lathe, just curious about the accuracy of the statistics.

  • Erich kempka
    Erich kempka 10 days ago

    Buh...buh...buh...white people stole their wealth from everyone else.😂😂😂

  • chuckschilling
    chuckschilling 10 days ago

    The penis pump?

  • Johannes Bekker
    Johannes Bekker 10 days ago

    The double edged sword of "development"... Great on taking boring repetitive work away from people, and terrible by making workers redundant. But what's even worse than that is that even though easy to grasp the negative aspect of robotization it is fully embraced by the bureau/plutocratic PTB cause this way they can get rid of all workers too ! And WE the People are hardly aware exactly how bad mechanization is for everybody as a result of econotized dumbing down education.
    One cannot deny the value of machinery, but then a logical consequence of that ideology must be that the commodities made that way, will become cheaper ; the less human labor is expended on an article, the cheaper is aught to be and vice versa.
    It's clear that a Rubicon is waiting to be crossed before we'll get out of this philosophical impasse and begin to think clearly.
    I believe a Chinese wise man once warned his people against this industrial trend. I agree, life should be far simpler than it is becoming now.

  • Andy Brown
    Andy Brown 10 days ago

    10:05 Some kind of chamber valve

  • Zeek M
    Zeek M 11 days ago

    Every machine is just another weapon.

  • Glen Turner
    Glen Turner 11 days ago gonna go with fossil fuels for that graph bud

  • Arend Wolbers
    Arend Wolbers 11 days ago

    I guess you can say the invention of the lathe created the population explosion, at the beginning of the technical revolution also started "free" time to f%$ck and making of children to work at the factories that create today things to dump on the landfill!
    And now we complain about child labor in third world countries who take apart western rich countries scrap to stay a live. In the shortest of time it will all stop and there are 1 billion human left.

  • jewllake
    jewllake 12 days ago

    Hi Camcamaro1991 About to do LUX Bose amp install on my 06 GMC Yukon. I'm having a hard time wrapping my head around how pin C and F are not used in the 8 pin C2 connector. According to the schematic it is a red and purple for the output of the left rear twiddler output. Please help as i have not started the mod yet.

  • Thauã Aguirre
    Thauã Aguirre 12 days ago

    Back in the pre-industrial revolution, the ratio of people who farmed to people who did something else (trading, mining, metalworking... Including clergy and nobility) was 9 to 1.
    Nowadays it is 1 to 100.

  • Thereis Hope
    Thereis Hope 12 days ago

    This is an excellent documentary

  • MrCantStopTheRobot
    MrCantStopTheRobot 12 days ago

    I guess I should look up how to thread screws by hand... or with very simple machine-tools.

  • Dieter Willen
    Dieter Willen 13 days ago

    Do you know the Antikythera mechanism? Imagine what knowledge must have been lost, when this thing was made 1800 years before the lathe.

    • Yama Satru
      Yama Satru 5 days ago

      There's no need to be so subtle. It's obviously a patchwork of lies - the manufacture of an Establishment history of technology, otherwise known as fiction.

  • Jason Richardson
    Jason Richardson 13 days ago

    What machine did he use to make this machine. Very good video. I subscribed. We're going back the opposite direction of our manufacturing protocol with planned obsolescence. It's sad.

  • Tippet76
    Tippet76 14 days ago

    Like they can really measure gdp from 1000 a.d. for one country nevermind the entire world. I'd love for them to tell me the average gdp in Angkor in 1497 compared to Flanders.

    • Machine Thinking
      Machine Thinking  14 days ago

      What's brilliant is that you can look at the data directly on Maddison's spreadsheets: Maddison, A. (2010). Historical Statistics of the World Economy.

  • J C
    J C 14 days ago

    1751 was first ever worlds fair, of medical and standardization of manufacturing. Lathes are much older than 1700's.

  • Richard Foran
    Richard Foran 14 days ago

    Excellent video. Ancient lathes also explain the Antikythera mechanism. Which some people and tv shows often confuse with alien tec. All to often the originators are forgotten. I always thought loom invented this machine but now i know. Similar
    Jean-Baptiste Lamarck was before Darwin. And jobs did not invent the mp4. But if its not in your school books its usually by self discovery you only find the truth often years later. Perhaps the worlds elite today are all interconnected to this machine in some ways of wealth? As this is when the explosion inequality possibly began in its gobal scale now

  • Boco Corwin
    Boco Corwin 15 days ago +2

    That's the only reason I can think of for a reason for the 1k down votes

  • Hugo Stiglitz
    Hugo Stiglitz 15 days ago +2

    We escaped the Malthusian trap and fell right into the Globalization/Capitalism trap where a handful of people own half the world.

  • G Kelly
    G Kelly 15 days ago

    I think that invention of the windmill in around the 14th century provided an earlier increase in individual productivity, but aside from that, this video makes an important point about the development of industrial processes for manufacturing machine tools and products.

  • Falney
    Falney 16 days ago

    Lathes are the tools you use when you want to spend lots of money on something that scraps part's incredibly fast.

  • Tan Man
    Tan Man 16 days ago

    Let me guess you're a machinist.

  • eXViLs - 8B008B
    eXViLs - 8B008B 17 days ago

    rly like how you thank farmers everytime ^_^

  • 5th Columnist
    5th Columnist 17 days ago

    wait that lathe looks like it's been assembled with the precision only a Milling Machine can to comment?

  • Xyu
    Xyu 17 days ago

    fear no dragon that is automation (ai) for it will free us from our current burden.

  • cayge sinnett
    cayge sinnett 18 days ago

    The increase in wealth probably had less to do with any machine, and more to do with the introduction of Capitalism by Adam Smith's Wealth of Nations.

  • Gustav Derkits
    Gustav Derkits 20 days ago

    Loved it and recommended it to others. One slight request - please ask some of your French friends how to pronounce the names correctly.

  • Mark Maxwell
    Mark Maxwell 20 days ago

    Love being a fitter and turner machinist.
    The French are innovative.
    Long live the industrial revolution!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  • WizardNumberNext
    WizardNumberNext 20 days ago

    did you include inflation in your chart?
    honestly 8000usd today is way less (few orders of magnitude) then 2000usd in 1800th

    • Machine Thinking
      Machine Thinking  20 days ago

      WizardNumberNext Constant 1990 dollars. See the description to find the source data I used.

  • Rick Fakhre
    Rick Fakhre 20 days ago +5

    Where did the machined parts in this first lathe come from? Specifically, the clearly precision rounded screws look like they must have come from a metal lathe.

    • David N
      David N 10 hours ago +1


    • Teo Ebratt
      Teo Ebratt 2 days ago +1

      Wood lathes makes parts of copper and other soft metals. Which in turn make more accurate parts on more durable materials.
      I’ve also heard that a blacksmith made the first iron threads which were in turn used to make more accurate threads.

    • Mark Vann
      Mark Vann 5 days ago +1

      The fastest plane on the planet was build on paper with a slide ruler... an expert hand filed every piece of the first lathe to make it. That's true precision.

    • Watchdog Goon
      Watchdog Goon 7 days ago +1

      He stated in the video that smaller lathes for clockwork predate this lathe by hundreds of years.

  • adobepoopscript
    adobepoopscript 20 days ago

    3:37 bottom left... is that Snow White?

  • Jethro Silage
    Jethro Silage 21 day ago +2

    I think the prize for machine tools should go to Henry Mausdsley. Maudsley’s screw-cutting lathe = standard screw thread sizes = interchangeable components = modern industrial mass production. And an honourable mention goes out to Maudsley’s protege Joseph Whitworth, who introduced the standardised screw thread.

  • Michael Brissie
    Michael Brissie 21 day ago

    Quality content. Thank you so much for presenting this information!

  • John Banks
    John Banks 21 day ago

    Love the close-up shots and macro's it really shows us in great detail the standards it was built to, dripping in quality even all these years later. Loved the article/video. Many thanks.

  • James Katz
    James Katz 22 days ago

    The Lathe was important because it was the first machine that could be used to "reproduce itself".

  • NoLimits Lifestyle
    NoLimits Lifestyle 22 days ago

    Someone crumpled crackers all over this video, then threw it in the dryer, then left it in the sun in the desert for a month.

  • Grey Pilgrim
    Grey Pilgrim 23 days ago

    Brilliant! Superb! Fun and interesting. MORE MORE MORE!!!!

  • Emmanuel Florac
    Emmanuel Florac 23 days ago

    Energy availability is the key. You could invent whatever clever machine (like Hero's eolipile), without mass energy availability, economy would remain a zero-sum game.

  • George B
    George B 24 days ago

    Oh for goodness sakes - even your own graph shows no significant growth until around 1830/1840 - 80 to 90 years after this machine was invented. Give me a break it doesn't take 90 years for a ground-breaking machine to have the 'explosive' effect you're speaking of. The lathe was important, of course, but nothing close to as important as the use of steam power and the industrial revolution that came out of the UK until electricity became standard or even the introduction of the production line from companies like FORD in the US. It was THESE things that made massive improvements to efficiency of manufacture and lowered the costs of goods thereby exponentially increasing demand. One can ALWAYS make the simplistic point that it was a core technology which was used down the line that made the difference but if we are going to go to those extremes I'd rather give that accolade to the printing press which was essentially to spread knowledge for...everything.

  • C S
    C S 24 days ago

    Sure we make more money these days but we are far more in debt than at any point in history. Greed and corruption are destroying humanity

  • Max Scott
    Max Scott 24 days ago

    Who the fuck doesn't know how great lathes are