The 1751 Machine that Made Everything

  • Published on Mar 15, 2018
  • If you had to pick one machine that triggered the biggest explosion of wealth in our history, which would you pick?
    Let me know in the comments if you agree with my choice!
    If you enjoy content like this, please subscribe.
    Per Capita income data source: Angus Maddison "Statistics on World Population, GDP and Per Capita GDP 1-2008AD"
  • Science & TechnologyScience & Technology

Comments • 2 708

  • Rex Krueger
    Rex Krueger 6 months ago +524

    Amazing! Stunning! Such a clear and entertaining way of explaining an essential (but potentially boring) project. On my channel, I use the wood lathe a lot, but I'm frustrated with the way people only see it as a way to make decorative items. I use it for some more precise tasks and I'm about to start building my own. This video is a great inspiration. I expect your subscriber count will shoot up very soon. Keep up the good work!

    • Peter Day
      Peter Day 7 days ago

      +tarstarkusz Chicken or egg. There is no need for energy without the machine and no need of the machine without energy. He is not wrong.

    • Robert Queberg
      Robert Queberg 13 days ago

      It is quite easy to boil water for steam with wood as a fuel source. This takes stone tools and lots of sweat. As everything else has occurred on the earth, there is a consumption of time and patience.

    • tarstarkusz
      tarstarkusz Month ago +1

      +Billy... I don't deny that it is symbiotic.

    • Billy Bob
      Billy Bob Month ago +1

      +tarstarkusz - "energy is actually the root cause of having these machines."
      It took machines to extract fossil fuels in large quantites.

    • SleepDa Mouse
      SleepDa Mouse 2 months ago +1

      Rex Krueger maybe spell lathe somewhere else... the video is slow and boring and I only made it to 3:48 because I was hoping somewhere would be how to spell that word so I can find something good on it

  • Randy White
    Randy White 8 hours ago

    Being a machinist and history buff I totally agree.

  • E N D E R _ S T U D I O S

    How the threaded rod was made if there were no lathes i cant sleep now

  • Fred Smith
    Fred Smith Day ago

    there are problems with your " flat line" portion of your graph just consider the effects of the black death in England in the 1340s. The massive reduction in population released surfs from their servitude and allowed " upwards mobility" indeed the changes in income for the common man were so striking that sumptuary laws were put into place. The mass production was a result of the Maudslay lath which did allow " mass production" of identical parts. Used initially to make sheaving blocks for sailing ships.

  • alamotexan
    alamotexan Day ago

    Your theory sounds okay the only problem is if you happen to put the population chart next to your graph a lot closer representation and considering man's greed and proficiency at which he will abuse his fellow human being and you even try to discount birth rate which in essence is population just like you these are both opinions

  • Doug Bader
    Doug Bader 2 days ago

    Have you done a TED talk? If not, you should!

  • Wyatt Epp
    Wyatt Epp 2 days ago

    It remains an immense disappointment to me that, AFAIK, none of Andrey Nartov's early-19th century lathes have survived in more than diagram form.

  • Josh Boucher
    Josh Boucher 2 days ago

    What happens when the ratio swings in the opposite direction? So much efficiency in manufacturing that jobs are in short supply to the manual labor class?

  • MarvelExtra
    MarvelExtra 3 days ago

    I am so interested why are people dislikeing this video?

  • Fat Roberto
    Fat Roberto 3 days ago

    I'm not sure about this. This lathe was made in 1751 and the big upturn in the graphs is a hundred years later. I think what made a bigger change was the addition of the lead screw about thirty or forty years later. That is what kicked off standardization because machine screws could then be made repeatably instead of being cut by hand.

    ZIONISIM KILLS 4 days ago

    No mention of German machine works, after all, it was Germany's manufacturing that U.K. feared, they the Brit's knew they could not compete precision machine tool capacity. More than likely France felt the same way. I admit I enjoyed this post. thank you. subscribed.

  • APlaceHolder BPlaceHolder

    Most people still living check to check just enough to sustain themselves and their family. Nothing has changed with all the efficiency and increased productivity.

  • BlacksmithTWD
    BlacksmithTWD 4 days ago

    There are some significant inventions around that same time that seem at least equally important:
    1740 modern crucible steel production
    1855 Bessemer process for improved steel production
    1865 germ theory of diseases

    • BlacksmithTWD
      BlacksmithTWD 3 days ago

      +Gary Weber
      How can something invented in 1740 be dependant on a machine that wasn't invented until 1751?

    • Gary Weber
      Gary Weber 4 days ago

      the first 2 you list depend on the lathe to make the equipment

  • Mark Westbrook
    Mark Westbrook 5 days ago

    Great video and commentary I have work on a farm and used a lathe, I have always been fascinated by mechanics and chemistry. Thank you from 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿

  • Oliver Foggin
    Oliver Foggin 5 days ago

    You’re literally the second channel I’ve watched that said the word “automata” and you both said it wrong.
    It is not
    It is

  • Colton WIthrow
    Colton WIthrow 6 days ago

    But americans still some what British 💁

  • Michael Fitzgerald
    Michael Fitzgerald 6 days ago

    Great video. Clear, concise and straight to the point. Going even further back in time it never ceases to amaze me what man has done. From discovering fire and flint spears and knives and somewhere in all that making up language. Then later agriculture after that metallurgy and such. I mean at what point do you realize that there are rocks that can be heated and then fashioned into something useful. I view these events with just as much wonder as you layout with the lathe and loom in your video. It's almost unbelievable what we as a species have accomplished over time.
    Thanks for posting this I really enjoyed watching it.

  • Yoo Toob
    Yoo Toob 6 days ago

    I made my own lathe, so can you!

  • drmikeosgood
    drmikeosgood 6 days ago +1

    What a fantastic and informative video to share with the public. Thank you!

  • weerobot
    weerobot 7 days ago

    Industrail revolution....

  • David S.lefort
    David S.lefort 7 days ago

    When I was a kid I just wanted to know how things were made and did destroy radios and other things

  • David S.lefort
    David S.lefort 7 days ago

    Well the farmer's are the most important poeple in our world if you don't get food to what you need to do you be growing it yourself too

  • David S.lefort
    David S.lefort 7 days ago

    Nice video I just love that kind of history thankyou wealth of knowledge

  • Zachary Denoya
    Zachary Denoya 8 days ago


  • Jozef Bania
    Jozef Bania 9 days ago

    Cycle of greed. Pity that population is droping down because ppl work more and more for the same style of life.

  • smiddynshit
    smiddynshit 9 days ago

    Just to throw a spanner in your lathe, the "bronze age" Indians were definitely using stone lathes.

  • AlbertScoot
    AlbertScoot 9 days ago

    Joseph Brown revealed the manual mill in 1867, that matches the graph growth much better.

  • James Jasso
    James Jasso 10 days ago

    The true fundation of the industrial revolution... the precision revolution

  • cheese chisel
    cheese chisel 10 days ago

    very good +sub

  • gwaai edenshaw
    gwaai edenshaw 10 days ago +1

    There’s a problem, I think, with the measure of mean income.
    If the average person back then was making about 500$ a year controlled for inflation, that is not the real measure of quality of life. We have to know this because the average person can’t make it through a month without five hundred buck. So either the controls are off by some measure, or there is an unmeasured quotient of subsistence measures that are not (can not) be factored in. Which is fine, we need to make our tables somehow. But the cash economy really doesn’t show the full picture.
    Fantastic video by the way. The humble lathe

  • Ken MacDonald
    Ken MacDonald 10 days ago +2

    Machines are NOT what sparked the Industrial Revolution. Machines have been around for thousands of years and the Roman Empire had the technology to start the Industrial Revolution, but didn't. You're so focused on technology, that you forgot technology is the result of men. Men built the Industrial Revolution in the late 18th century, rather than the early 1st century BC. Why? Philosophy.
    Finally, a long enough time line had passed for Christian philosophy to be widely spread and accepted, resulting in the belief that each individual is equally endowed by a Creator with certain unalienable rights. For the first time in history, there existed a widely held belief the typical person was seen as having human dignity and rights, which resulted in tradesmen finally getting the cultural respect that, historically, was reserved for the warrior ruling class.
    Material technology is down stream of cultural technology. Check out the bourgeois series by Don McCloskey (who now goes by Diedre McCloskey). He wrote The Bourgeois Virtues, Bourgeois Dignity, and Bourgeois Equality detailing exactly what happened in Anglo-Saxon culture that allowed for and encouraged the creation of such magnificent wealth.
    Still, very cool video.

  • Uriah Otten
    Uriah Otten 10 days ago +2

    Every since I was a young boy, I always thought the most valuable thing ever made by man was the fastener. Ex: Nails, Screws, Nuts, Bolts. They hold our houses together, they hold our machines together. Even the lathes in this video are held together by fasteners. The only other thing more valuable that man has ever made in history??? Fire.
    *Drops phone, walks to bed.
    Great video BTW.

  • Jon Moore
    Jon Moore 12 days ago

    That's really cool man I use a lathe every day and never knew that. Thanks

  • Chimp Chowder
    Chimp Chowder 12 days ago

    Interesting a simple documentary. But I'm sorry, the lathe has been around for thousands of years. Just not as advanced as your nice documentary reveals
    . Much information on the subject was lost to the general public when the library of Alexandra was burned down and looted by the elites. One other great library was also distroyed at the same time. Creating the dark ages of the 19th century. But one of those ancient libraries survived! It is in India. Things you can not even imagine are hidden in books! Ancient Books! Of which so much was removed from the world's public. Knowledge was removed but many of such technologically advanced matters were removed and retained by the world's elite. And reintroduced as needed . And presented to smart engineers as "alien technology" in which they were able to figure out and advance on. But interesting video!

  • tim c
    tim c 12 days ago

    coolest lathe I ever tore into was a Gisholt Cri-Dan 'B' threading lathe- 100% mechanical, yet depth of cut, length of cut, number of passes, pitch, infeed angle, EVERYTHING was 'programmed' with dials/gears/cams...rebuilding that apron and the spindle clutches was one of the most challenging/rewarding things I ever got to tear into, loved watching that thing run...pop in the clutch lever, it ran a dozen passes, clicked and done...clutch lever also operated the chuck/unchuck, one of the fastest lathes to operate I have ever seen...

  • An Anna
    An Anna 13 days ago

    I live in the United States, and I wish I made $450/yr :-( Not joking and not being sarchastic. No jobs, no factories, no customers to sell to. Complete economic collapse.
    We have a huge lathe from the 1950's but I've never used it for anything. We made a few boat paddles with it and that was it. My own builds are usually pretty quick and primitive: I mostly use an aluminum cutoff wheel, hand drills and drill presses, and an old AC welding machine. Those tools and some other power woodworking shop tools and you can build a lot.

  • David Nightingale
    David Nightingale 13 days ago +3

    His pooing duck: a ruse within a ruse. We'll allow it. The 400 parts in each wing is already astounding.

  • Irvin Wittmeier
    Irvin Wittmeier 13 days ago +1

    After seeing what we have become working that field looks pretty good

    • Andrew Schiraldi
      Andrew Schiraldi 6 days ago

      Spoken like somebody who hasn't worn out his body by age 40 from constant brutal manual labor sunup to sundown seven days a week in order to barely not starve to death over winter!

  • John Newbold
    John Newbold 13 days ago

    Around 1750 Shaykh Ahmad was born. I believe that his birth was the spiritual precursor to our modern age.

  • Robert Queberg
    Robert Queberg 14 days ago

    When I started my toolmaker’s apprenticeship in 1966, great importance was placed on the idea that a standard engine lathe was the only machine tool that could reproduce a copy of itself. I am still amazed and puzzled about the process that was used to create the first threaded screw and mating with a constant lead/pitch for the entire length. A mechanical equivalent to the chicken/egg question is creating accurate screws without gears to connect the rotating blank to the advancing cutting tool.

  • Zack-C
    Zack-C 16 days ago

    Lathes are the modern invention of human, but sure enough ancient people
    had better technologies than the ones "normal" people can utilise or are allowed to have
    compared to "lost" technologies used for the armies around the globe

  • Charlie Jeans
    Charlie Jeans 16 days ago

    Porsche stole the flat twin engine design from TATRA, Russia, Henry Ford stole the production line from Volkswagen. Indusyrail espionage changed everything.

  • Floyd Campbell
    Floyd Campbell 17 days ago

    So what is going on with your channel? No new videos for months, you was doing great and need to get back to it!!!!!

    • Machine Thinking
      Machine Thinking  17 days ago +1

      Floyd Campbell I know it’s been a long tome but I’m actively working on multiple videos. I have done some work lately, just not on my own channel. Check the Community tab on my channel page for more info.

  • Frank M
    Frank M 18 days ago

    Only Europeans could have invented these things.

  • Brad Majors
    Brad Majors 18 days ago

    There is no such thing as year derp. Probably been mentioned before

  • orange70383
    orange70383 19 days ago

    Use words like awesome and amazing more.

  • Thomas Elmer
    Thomas Elmer 19 days ago

    How were the first precision rods and lead screws made, so they could be used in a lathe like this. I see a 3 ish foot long screw that needed to be fairly precise. Was that made by hand with a die after the rod was forged then made to what looks like about 1/2 inch diameter? Some of the parts of this lathe, seem to need this lathe before they can be made.

  • Ryan Taylor
    Ryan Taylor 19 days ago

    I would say that the Bessemer process of mass producing carbon steel (Patented in 1855, used in mass production from the 1880's on) was more important, especially since the lathe as you pointed out wasn't invented in 1751, that happened hundreds of years prior, and even the metal lathe wasn't invented in 1751 just the one for industrial applications beyond clock making. It's a great development, but not really an "invention" in its own right. I wouldn't credit Henry Ford with "inventing" the car, just applying the already existing idea of assembly line production to it and thus changing the world. My 2 cents...

  • John Savoy
    John Savoy 20 days ago

    I don't believe that was the first lathe,since it has way too many threads,lets face it,the first thread would have been crude and hand made, but every subsequent lathe after the first only got better,even by today's standards each new model does more than the last

  • Micscience
    Micscience 21 day ago

    I literally just bought that book The Old Way of Thinking because of this video thanks for pointing all these points out and also being open and nuetral minded.

  • Silver Wyvern
    Silver Wyvern 21 day ago

    If you show homestead, you owe it to those poor souls to at least mention their sacrifice...

  • ZooT aLLures
    ZooT aLLures 22 days ago

    being a machinist by trade, I'd have to say that the invention of a lathe capable of repeatably cutting screw threads was the big turning point, but that's only my opinion.

  • Colin nixon
    Colin nixon 22 days ago

    thank you for the bonus footage.

  • John Feesey
    John Feesey 22 days ago

    The electric motor/generator

  • Graham Lawlor
    Graham Lawlor 22 days ago

    Sounds like you have a much better grasp of the history of machines than you do of economics. You repeatedly state or imply that machine tools in general, and the lathe in particular caused the inflection in per capita wealth. But correlation is not causation. Many technologies emerged around the time of the industrial revolution. It could be that the lathe was the most important, or it could be that other things were more important. To establish the causation you claim, you'd need a much more rigorous analysis. Develop a metric for the adoption of the lathe and measure it over time in many places in the world (ie in time series and cross section). Measure wealth in the same times & places. What is the correlation? Analyze other industrial-era technologies the same way (the steam engine, the railroad, steel, rubber, concrete, the telegraph, the cotton gin, weaving looms, etc, etc). Is the correlation between lathe adoption and wealth stronger than the correlation between the telegraph and wealth, for example? Is it the lathe-wealth correlation the strongest of all the technologies of that era? To what extent did adoption of other technologies impact lathe adoption, and vice versa? Try an experiment. Drop a lathe in to a poor community in Africa or India (or the US for that matter). Does wealth increase? There's a reason the lathe is not generally accepted as the source of wealth around the world - because that's a grossly oversimplified and indeed inaccurate picture.

    I really enjoyed your piece on metal forges. I think you have a great grasp of the history of machines. Your economics is not nearly as strong.

  • Miguel Moreno
    Miguel Moreno 23 days ago

    Get rid of farmer and agriculture and you end up with a bunch of idiots completely dependent on the system and made up money. Give all the power to the system and there goes your freedom controlled by the few masterminds

  • Junjun
    Junjun 23 days ago

    I, more interested in the making of first thread on metal screws, bolts or nuts. How did they do it? Just casually filed the thread?

  • K F A B 9 - DL
    K F A B 9 - DL 24 days ago


  • JiveDadson
    JiveDadson 24 days ago

    It's pronounced awTAHmuhTa.

  • Gary Clouse
    Gary Clouse 25 days ago

    Please consider a mentality that has been consistent for Centuries. It was not the way of interpreting reality that was common around the World! It was and is consistent, secret and considers all of Human advancement to be subject to it's precepts! Consider the number 13.

  • krinkov545
    krinkov545 25 days ago

    And now you make more fiat money so the banksters, elites, and robber barrons can get more wealthy taxing from you and your just as poor our counter part from the past.

  • Austin Dacier
    Austin Dacier 26 days ago

    ...and THAT's why you don't work on a farm!! ...unless you do, in which case, thank you for taking and economic hit for the rest of us!!
    HAHAHAHAHAHA that was absolutely Golden!!! If you're still farming hopefully that made you THINK for once!!!

  • biker of the everywheres

    I am learning more on this channel than I have in 19 years of schooling in my short20year life so far.

  • Spetet
    Spetet 27 days ago

    I've always heard au TOM a ta. Excellent video.

  • Richard Gadbois
    Richard Gadbois 27 days ago

    Love your videos! Have learned so much and hope you have the stamina to produce more. Thank you

  • Zes
    Zes 29 days ago

    no such thing as everything

  • Jay H
    Jay H Month ago

    Find out who built Tartarian architecture

  • Andy Burns
    Andy Burns Month ago

    I couldn't listen to the condescending twat for more thar than a few minutes.... There was me blaming the yanks for Globetrotting theft and greed , but silly me it was a French man with a Mk1 Colchester 🤔... I think most people, apart from the rich... Would prefer to stay on a farm than enslaved in debt !!!!

  • Tom Lovelace
    Tom Lovelace Month ago

    What happened to the French? They had all of this ingenuity back in the day, but now they couldn’t build a decent car if their life depended on it.

  • Puppy Pet
    Puppy Pet Month ago

    Brilliant Absolutely Brilliant, What a Masterpiece of Learning. I Now Understand Wealth and How It Changed the World and the Reasons Why It Happened. The Explanation of the Average Person Never Obtaining Wealth for centuries As It Was Consumed by its own self process and then the machine gave a man the power of 10 and beyond which opened up this that and everything else was beautifully put together here. I'm sure you are much better than me trying to explain it. Thank you for this amazing video you're absolutely the best. Five-star all the way

  • Ryan Inq
    Ryan Inq Month ago

    how about a example of what the first lathe would have made?

  • The Lazy Gardener
    The Lazy Gardener Month ago

    Lathes were used in ancient India for stone pillars as well.

  • Ardy See
    Ardy See Month ago

    Thanks for sharing you information about the lathe and the Paris Science Museum. Another surprising innovation may have been responsible more for war than for peace.
    https ://www .scientificamerican .com/article/the-stirrup/
    The Stirrup
    Invention of the stirrup may rival that of the longbow and gunpowder
    By Gary Stix on September 1, 2009
    A slight alteration to the custom of riding a horse may have dramatically changed the way wars were fought. Humans rode bareback or mounted horses with a simple blanket after they first domesticated the animals, thousands of years after the dawn of agriculture. The leather saddle first straddled a horse’s back in China perhaps as far back as the third century B.C. But the saddle was only one step toward transforming the use of cavalry as a means of waging war. Climbing onto a horse while bearing weapons had long presented its own precarious hazards. Cambyses II, a Persian king in the sixth century B.C., died after stabbing himself as he vaulted onto a horse.
    By the fourth century A.D., the Chinese had begun to fashion foot supports from cast iron or bronze. What made the stirrup (derived from the Old English word for a climbing rope) such an important innovation was that it allowed the rider immensely greater control in horsemanship: rider and animal became almost extensions of each other. It was possible to shoot arrows accurately while the horse dashed ahead at full gallop. A cavalryman could brace himself in the saddle and, with a lance positioned under his arm, use the tremendous force of the charging horse to strike a stunned enemy. The horse's sheer mass and quickness became an implement of the cavalry's weaponry-and a powerful intimidation factor.

  • pete pependowski
    pete pependowski Month ago

    Lost me at 1:00

  • Gribbo9999
    Gribbo9999 Month ago

    Just a note. If you mean Britain don't say England. Scots don't like it much considering how many Scots were the innovators and developers of the industrial revolution in Britain.

  • 3rik fresh generation

    I just subscribed bro good work i liked ur video

    KINGatLIFE Month ago +1

    We're you moderately drunk when you voiced this? Sometimes you slur your words and are very sloppy in your pronunciation.
    Great video though.

  • Alex Ander
    Alex Ander Month ago

    The 1751 Machine that Made Everything into SHIT!!!

  • thebogangamer
    thebogangamer Month ago

    and then you have people like me who are unemployed and have a smart phone but are homeless due to the increased productivity of machines :(.

  • Neophobic Nyctophile

    Oh! And the Industrial Lathe gave us the modern wood screw, with a true taper thread instead of having a tip like a nail, revolutionizing the construction industry and a number of others!
    Love this channel!

  • william white
    william white Month ago

    Very good

  • Λογος
    Λογος Month ago

    Sadly Vaucanson is almost unkown to the french general public today.

  • William Ogilvie
    William Ogilvie Month ago

    Stupid disjointed narration. Cool, awesome, not your thing, etc.

  • Nomore Illegals please

    The devil at work.

  • 101m4n
    101m4n Month ago

    And here we are again, at the precipice of another grand change.
    In time, machine learning will enable mass scale automation of labour and administration. But when I try to explain this to people, they often don't understand the questions I'm asking. How does money work in a world where human effort is no longer required to produce goods? Who makes decisions? What laws would we write?
    It's machine thinking version 2.0 if you ask me. I for one welcome it.

  • Mister Meander
    Mister Meander Month ago

    smart. astute. concise. precise. clever. bravo sir. i am a fan.

  • Joey Splats
    Joey Splats Month ago

    Today we prepare to rid ourselves of our own necessity. Rather, for our faceless overlords to rid themselves of our necessity.

  • 7Spronge
    7Spronge Month ago

    I feel sorry for the machine that made the lathe.

  • tangobayus
    tangobayus Month ago

    I've been there. It's fun.

  • general kitten
    general kitten Month ago

    even before i watch the video i can agree that lathe is the most important machine, you can even lathe a cube on a lathe

  • Tom Butthurt
    Tom Butthurt Month ago

    pretty much late 1800s just took off new inventions new technology a lot of white Christians from Europe making a go of it in the USA and following their dreams

  • Ben B
    Ben B Month ago

    Some might argue that we might be better off if we were all “working in a field somewhere”

  • Sanchito BOC
    Sanchito BOC Month ago

    I love finding new channels to subscribe to after midnight. Thank you.

  • Aran Sendan
    Aran Sendan Month ago

    And here I thought the bedrock of the modern world was the potato

  • Level3-RC
    Level3-RC Month ago

    nice that you showed a Monarch not some new age Asian model.

  • Daryl Leckt
    Daryl Leckt Month ago

    I'm currently working on a 3D printer that can produce 3D printers

  • Butter Hat
    Butter Hat Month ago

    Wow! Thank you! This was a very good video!

  • Jason McMillan
    Jason McMillan Month ago

    This video demonstrates utterly the positive power of industrialisation & capitalism. Trust me, the dislikes are from loathsome socialists & environmentalist zealots.

  • Rodney Fernandez
    Rodney Fernandez Month ago

    I've always wanted to know how huge assembly line machines were made.

  • Rodney Fernandez
    Rodney Fernandez Month ago

    But what machines made the parts to make that first machine?🤔

    • c dorcey
      c dorcey 19 days ago

      A man with a saw, a drill, and a file can make one machine, but takes a long time. After the first machine has been built that way, it can be used to make the next machine much more quickly (and with less skill required).