How to Speak

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  • Published on Dec 19, 2019
  • MIT How to Speak, IAP 2018
    Instructor: Patrick Winston
    View the complete course: ocw.mit.edu/how_to_speak
    Patrick Winston's How to Speak talk has been an MIT tradition for over 40 years. Offered every January, the talk is intended to improve your speaking ability in critical situations by teaching you a few heuristic rules.
    00:16 - Introduction
    03:11 - Rules of Engagement
    04:15 - How to Start
    05:38 - Four Sample Heuristics
    10:17 - The Tools: Time and Place
    13:24 - The Tools: Boards, Props, and Slides
    36:30 - Informing: Promise, Inspiration, How To Think
    41:30 - Persuading: Oral Exams, Job Talks, Getting Famous
    53:06 - How to Stop: Final Slide, Final Words
    56:35 - Final Words: Joke, Thank You, Examples
    License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA
    More information at ocw.mit.edu/terms
    More courses at ocw.mit.edu
    .

Comments • 5 332

  • MIT OpenCourseWare
    MIT OpenCourseWare  2 years ago +2337

    For more on the life and work of Professor Winston (1943-2019), visit www.memoriesofpatrickwinston.com/

    • Alicia Maria
      Alicia Maria Day ago

      Yes we are. These the best years so far in history.

    • Amut Fyyu
      Amut Fyyu 2 days ago

      @Mohammad Hatoum llĺllllĺllĺllĺĺĺ

    • Silvers Rayleigh
      Silvers Rayleigh 3 days ago

      @MemphisGRIZ901 < Correction, it's ' You ARE gay ' You are gay' .. It's no problem, lovely to help with your sentence structure.

    • MemphisGRIZ901
      MemphisGRIZ901 3 days ago

      @Silvers Rayleigh gay

    • TheOriginalOrbulon Jeremy Beitler
      TheOriginalOrbulon Jeremy Beitler 4 days ago

      teaching me why i'm asleep.
      interesting. thank you 🙏🙏🙏🙏

  • Ar9 90
    Ar9 90 Year ago +8545

    We are lucky that we live in an age where we can watch/listen to something like this for free

    • JaGuÁR4
      JaGuÁR4 10 hours ago

      I already know this without fk watching this I've been knowing about this I don't need school to know about this its common sense

    • m
      m Day ago

      nothing is free. just so you know lol

    • Soumita Mukherjee
      Soumita Mukherjee Day ago

      So true

    • JESSE
      JESSE 2 days ago

      No such thing ass luck.🤏

    • Charles Jones
      Charles Jones 4 days ago

      lmao

  • James Alexander
    James Alexander 2 days ago +7

    The use of the techniques he’s teaching while he’s teaching them in a thoughtful manner was amazing. Asking a question about what another good way for an audience to re-engage is (the answer to which was asking a question) was next level brilliant!

  • Lucas Ribeiro
    Lucas Ribeiro 2 months ago +393

    00:16 Introduction
    03:11 Rules of Engagement
    04:15 How to Start
    05:38 Four Sample Heuristics
    10:17 The Tools: Time and Place
    13:24 The Tools: Boards, Props, and Slides
    36:30 Informing: Promise, Inspiration, How to Think
    41:30 Persuading: Oral Exams, Job Talks, Getting Famous
    53:06 How to Stop: Final Slide, Final Words
    56:35 Final Words: Joke, Thank You, Examples

    • IT
      IT 8 days ago +2

      @Zach Shapray They are already in the description below the video.

    • Zach Shapray
      Zach Shapray 8 days ago

      bro watched a full hour tutorial on how to speak and made sparknotes for it what a LEGEND!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

    • Charles Gerety
      Charles Gerety 2 months ago +2

      @Lucas Ribeiro I pointed out that he misspelled Empathetic with Empathatic. What a intellect

    • Lucas Ribeiro
      Lucas Ribeiro 2 months ago +3

      @Charles Gerety It's part of the 13:24 The Tools: Boards, Props, and Slides

    • Charles Gerety
      Charles Gerety 2 months ago +1

      Uh sir.....*Empathetic 22:50

  • My Ruger
    My Ruger 2 months ago +815

    Being an only child, and living without parents alone for years has definitely degraded my ability to speak effectively to crowds especially in a teaching scenario. My job has kept me away from people for years and now I’m going to be training people! I said lord help me and here we are. Best of the best, thank you professor Winston.

  • T W
    T W 4 months ago +746

    I read "On to C" back in college in 1999. It was a super coherent introduction to the C programming language. I remember being really impressed with how the author packaged the information up so effectively. Here I am 22 years later watching this video, and lo and behold, it's the same Professor Winston that wrote that book. What a mind! We're so lucky to have access to the knowledge he left behind.

    • Bork Air
      Bork Air 9 days ago

      @fuzzywzhe and regressed the world

    • Bork Air
      Bork Air 9 days ago

      @Vale the Major kerningham and ritchie

  • ___GRIG ___
    ___GRIG ___ 2 years ago +9792

    *A summary of the whole talk. Save, read, use... Enjoy!*
    Someone should've done it, let me be your hero guys. I spent couple of hours doing it but believe it'll be usefull for many people out there!
    Start
    1. Do not start a talk with a joke.
    2. Promise - Tell them what they gonna learn at the end of your talk.
    3. Cycle - make your idea repeated many times in order to be completely clear for everyone.
    4. Make a “Fence” around your idea so that it can be distinguished from someone else’s idea.
    5. Verbal punctuation - sum up information within your talk some times to make listeners get back on.
    6. Ask a question - intriguing one
    Place and Time
    7. Best time for having a lecture is 11 am.
    (not too early and not after lunch)
    8. The place should be well lit.
    9. The place should be seen and checked before the lecture.
    10. The place should not be full less than a half, it must be chosen according to the amount of listeners.
    Tools
    For teaching.
    1. Board - it’s got graphics, speed, target. Watch your hands! Don’t hold them behind your back, it’s better to keep them straight and use for pointing at the board.
    2. Props - use them in order to make your ideas visual.
    Visual perception is the most effective way to interact with listeners.
    For Job Talk. Exposing, Slides
    3. Don’t put too many words on a slide. Slides should just reflect what you’re saying, not the other way around. Pictures attracts attention and people start to wait for your explanation - use that tip.
    4. Make slide as easy as you can - no title, no distracting pictures, frames, points and so on.
    5. Do not use laser pointer - due to that you lose eye contact with the audience. Instead you can make the arrows just upon a slide.
    Informing

    Show to your listeners your stuff is cool and interesting.
    You have to be able to:
    -show your vision of that problem
    -show that you’ve done particular things (by steps)
    All of that should be done real quick in no more than 5 min.
    Persuade your listeners you’re not a rookie (Prof. Winston contrived to do that from the very first seconds of his talk)
    Getting Famous
    If you want to your ideas be remembered you’ve got to have
    "5 S"
    - Symbols associate with your ideas (visual perception is the best way to attract attention)
    - Slogan (describing your idea)
    - Surprise (common fallacy that is no longer true, for instance, just after you’ve told about it)
    - Salient Idea (not necessarily important but the one that sticks out)
    - Story (how you did it, how it works…)
    How to End
    - Don’t put collaborators at the end, do that at the beginning.
    - Question’s the worst way to end a talk.
    - It’s good to end with a Contribution slide - to sum up everything you’ve told with your OWN decision.
    - At the very end you could tell a joke since people then will leave the event feeling fun and thus keep a good memory of your talk.
    - "Thank you (for listening)" isn’t good ending, it’s trite at least. You can end with a quote of a prominent person (my own knowledge), with a salute to people (how much you valued the time being here, the people over here..., “I’d like to get back, it was fun!”
    That part actually I find the hardest one, since saying “Thanks” is a kind of a habit and it’s really difficult to make people clap if your talk wasn’t fascinating, so you’d better do this great and you won’t have to worry about how to end!

  • 純 木村
    純 木村 15 days ago +83

    Serious I wouldn’t have ever imagined we can be as if we are attending an actual MIT lecture back in the 2000s. This is a gift and I think others who are interested in higher education and couldn’t attend due to, let’s say financial reasons can see and learn and even feel what it would feel like to be in class.

  • AdamOnRoute
    AdamOnRoute 3 months ago +290

    It is interesting that his subject of "heaviness" or "not enough air" can be applied to jazz music. When soloing/improvising you don't want to fill every space you possibly can. You need to allow the listener time and space to digest. Same with his "cycling ideas" idea. During soloing you want to repeat themes to draw the listener back in. Great talk.

    • Lavelle Lee
      Lavelle Lee 3 days ago

      @Drew hmmm interesting

    • Styles
      Styles 10 days ago

      @dogchaser520 To be honest It pretty much took my entire focus away from what he was saying.

    • dogchaser520
      dogchaser520 19 days ago +2

      It's interesting that "heaviness" and "not enough air" apply to most of this man's lecturing career. Good god, never not breathing as though he's been running for the last few minutes. Simply moving was his greatest challenge.
      RIP to a real one.

    • Claude Albertario
      Claude Albertario 22 days ago +1

      Its not just Jazz but everything is referential. If there is nothing but sound then you have noise. Modulated sound is music or voice. Same with Time. Time is relative, but if you lose all points of relation then is there time? No, that is why there is no time in the singularity. There is no reference. So, the ultimate "sound" of the big bang is not WHEN, but just IS. No reference.

  • Gordon Alley
    Gordon Alley 7 days ago +71

    Sitting here alone watching this recorded presentation on my desktop computer, without thinking I automatically began to applaud along with the audience. He made what could have been a mundane topic very educational. I'm not a student -- I'm 74 years old.

    • samuel campos carvalho
      samuel campos carvalho 2 days ago +1

      @Fp Pf "once you die you stop living" also me

    • Fp Pf
      Fp Pf 7 days ago +12

      "once you are born you start dying" ME

    • Bellum Dominum
      Bellum Dominum 7 days ago +8

      "once you stop learning you start dying" AE

  • mrslisajckson
    mrslisajckson 3 months ago +132

    He's wonderful. He started by giving everyone confidence that they can succeed at communicating.

    • SakuraWulf
      SakuraWulf Month ago +2

      I thought I was screwed 50 seconds in.

  • Sir Humphrey Appleby
    Sir Humphrey Appleby 2 years ago +4076

    We're so lucky that this gem of a lecture was captured before he died. Now he can deliver this talk every year, just like he did before.

    • Vadela
      Vadela 23 days ago +1

      I’m glad this lecture exists I wish a heath debate wasn’t occurring over someone else’s life in this thread tho. If someone doesn’t make choices that increase there life span that isn’t your life to judge😇

    • Karendal Sadik
      Karendal Sadik 25 days ago

      He sounds out of breath.

  • Rockerpepper
    Rockerpepper 2 months ago +69

    I'm glad modern technology was able to preserve this man's wisdom, so I can still have the pleasure of learning from him. Rest in peace.

  • Allen Culbertson
    Allen Culbertson 4 months ago +3

    God bless TheXvid all those who collaborate with TheXvid and make these truly amazingly educational videos available. Truly the best thing that could happen especially for those of us who can not afford to attend or go to a college. Thank you from my heart ❤

  • Cratecruncher
    Cratecruncher 3 months ago +21

    That was an hour of time well spent. Thanks OCW for posting this. One tool I always found effective in my presentations was to monitor audience body language for "zone out". It was a way to close the loop and I had many of his mentioned tricks for increasing/decreasing tempo, challenging participants with a re-engaging question or two, back-pedaling... But I was constantly scanning for feedback.

  • Shawn
    Shawn 5 months ago +79

    This talk is simply incredible.
    The entire way through he is demonstrating his ideas through the practice of the ideas.

    • Anders Larsen
      Anders Larsen 2 months ago

      Should they teach us how to think now also. Nice pentagram on the thumbnail.

    • swingophelia
      swingophelia 5 months ago +1

      Well, except that he violates his own rule to stay engaged with the audience, not e.g. the slides one is showing, by frequently talking to the chalkboard. But in general, yes. And of course, it would hardly be a credible lecture if he didn't generally do so.

    • greg kurer
      greg kurer 5 months ago

      it is crazy but true its how you say what you say I am glad I found this very enlighting

  • Lei Xun
    Lei Xun 2 years ago +1660

    *My takeaways:*
    *RIP Professor Winston. I have learnt a lot today, thank you!*
    1. We humans only have one language processor, so focus 3:00
    *How to start a talk?*
    2. Don't start with a joke, start with a promise 4:15
    *Some techniques*
    3. Cycle on the topic to reinforce it 5:38
    4. Build a fence around our ideas, so audiences don't confuse them with the ideas from others 6:32
    5. Use verbal punctuation to help audiences re-focus 7:25
    6. Ask questions to audiences 8:36
    *Time & place*
    7. 11am is a good time for the 1st lecture of the day 10:20
    8. The place should have good lighting condition, should be cased and reasonably populated 10:55
    *Tools: boards, props and slides*
    9. Chalks and boards are good for informing and teaching, slides are good for exposing 13:40
    10. Chalks and boards are good for showing graphics. You can control the speed of talk to help audiences absorb contents, and use your hand to point a target on board 13:55
    11. Props are useful to help audiences think about abstract things 16:50
    12. Boards and props are great because empathic mirroring 22:55, i.e. audiences can feel they are doing the writing and demonstration
    13. Bad slides contain too many pages and too many words 23:50
    14. Audiences can be tired to switch between slides and speaker if they far away from each other 26:11
    15. How to create good slides: simplification. Audiences will pay less attention to the speaker if their slides contain too many words 26:30
    16. Font size shouldn't be large enough for easy reading 28:49
    17. Lazer pointer reduces the speakers' chance to engage (e.g. eye contact) with audiences 29:35, using sign-post in the slides instead
    18. Examples: Bad slides vs good slides 31:45
    *More techniques*
    19. How to inspire your audiences? 36:20 Show your passion for the topic
    20. An example of making a promise and showing passion 38:40
    21. How to teach people how to think 40:10, Provide them with:
    - The stories that they need to know
    - The questions that they need to ask about these stories
    - The mechanism to analyse these stories
    - The ways to put together stories
    - The ways to evaluate reliable stories
    *Oral exams*
    22. People usually fail them because they fail to situate the context and fail to practice 41:47
    23. Practice your talk with people who don't know you work 42:38
    24. *Job talks* 44:02
    *Getting famous*
    25. Why should you care about getting famous 48:30, because we want our work to be recognised and we need good communication skills to do that
    26. How to get your presentation ideas to be remembered 50:07, we need to have: symbol, slogan, surprise, salient (ideas) and (tell a) story
    *How to end a talk*
    27. Some examples on final slides 53:10, show what you have done (i.e. contributions) and give audiences the time to read them!
    28. Final words 56:31:
    - A joke, his colleagues always end a talk with a joke, so people think they have had fun all the time :)
    - The phrase "thank you" is a weak move, "thank you for listening" is even worse, it suggests that people listen to your talk because their politeness
    - Some great endings without saying "thank you" 58:37
    - Salute the audiences
    *His final salute **1:02:40*

    • s s
      s s 2 months ago

      Hi, Lei X, Thank you, I have no idea what this subject is all about. I was not understanding it. It is not Accounting, Biology, Sociology, Computer, Etc. But at least you took time to summarize it. Thank you. And RIP Prof, Patrick Winston.

    • The theory cave of Schneider Gemotiveerd
      The theory cave of Schneider Gemotiveerd 2 months ago

      I appreciate it!

    • larrybud
      larrybud 2 months ago

      This is far too much text. You've learned nothing!!!! :-)

    • Ye Si Thu Aung
      Ye Si Thu Aung 4 months ago +1

      Thanks a lot for that. It helped me to save much time.

    • Lei Xun
      Lei Xun 8 months ago +1

      @Brasileiro básico e avançado com Vicky You are welcome!

  • Guitar MD
    Guitar MD 25 days ago +10

    I have pretty severe ADHD and watched this entire lecture. And was really shocked that I did. What was especially interesting was how my perception of him changed from the beginning to the end. I started off with my head in the clouds as I usually do, and when he mentioned the importance of repetition because most people will be in a fog at multiple points during a presentation, my ears perked up. Suddenly I felt like this went from a normal lecture to something a lot deeper.
    And by the end, it was a complete transformation. Including the joke about "I tell a joke at the end so people will think they've been having fun the whole time." That hit right on the nose. I was listening intently from the beginning, but it transformed from this air of seriousness to something more personal by the end, where he really made an impression about the kind of person he was.
    I went into this knowing absolutely nothing about this guy, and I'm also a college dropout so it's not like I'm well seasoned in these things. Just absolutely blew my mind how he tied everything together by the end and how absolutely and brilliantly self-contained this entire presentation was. For someone like me to be enthralled by something like this, and to have paid attention for the entire duration of it without shifting my attention to anything else, really speaks volumes about what happens when you develop your communication skills to such a high level.

  • Bojidar Stanchev
    Bojidar Stanchev 8 days ago +4

    I didn't know the 3 finger rule exactly because I always struggled with remembering how to align (always had bad memory). But I do understand how vectors work and add up, so I figured out the answer. It really made me happy that I knew at least something of what he was explaining. I guess studying to understand things, not just for grades pays off sometimes. Even if it's in amusement points. The whole lecture is gold. He's doing exactly what he's explaining. You have the knowledge, the visuals and an example all in one. I'm in awe.

  • George Casseus
    George Casseus 4 months ago +10

    I wish I can thank this man personally for this incredible lecture. I have learned so much from this. Fantastic uses of history, philosophy, and physics. After a third listen this is more than just how to speak, but also how to effectively teach, or even pitch any business or creative idea with confidence. Thank you!

  • Dalene Carolissen
    Dalene Carolissen 12 hours ago

    Much appreciated. I have learnt so much from watching this. Thank you for sharing this and to Patrick Winston RIP

  • BENJAMIN BOTHA
    BENJAMIN BOTHA Month ago +6

    This was the best lecture i have come across so far with regard to public speaking thanks to Prof Winston
    for his great contribution and thanks to MIT for sharing.

  • Thomas Nixon
    Thomas Nixon 12 days ago +7

    Really insightful, learned a lot, and the hour felt like 10 minutes. Loved it.

  • TheJagjr4450
    TheJagjr4450 3 months ago +3

    Great presentation, I went back and listened to a number of parts multiple times and made notes. Can't ask for much more than that out of an online course. 50 y/o engineer and national / intl sales manager for 10-100mm businesses.
    I found most utility in my career from my courses in public speaking and technical writing, though looking back on my life, I see I was in front of audiences from 5 years old on, my brother and I, in elementary school, on stage, in talent shows, to college talent shows and frat skits and presentations during homecoming etc to numbers of eulogies and presentations to sales forces etc in my professional career.
    My speech and tech writing professors were absolutely great and 30 years later I still remember their classes and their names and our final projects.

  • News Now BC
    News Now BC Month ago +7

    Amazing way to spend an hour. Winston was an absolute master, thank you so much for sharing!

  • Team MindShift
    Team MindShift Year ago +1762

    Prof Winston had a profound effect on my life. I was an Electrical Engineering major when I took Prof Winston's Introduction to AI class in the early 80s. I still remember the excitement I had in his class over almost 40 years later. That course led me to do my Master thesis using AI and EE together and then go on to get a Ph.D. in Computer Science with an emphasis in AI at CMU. That one course changed my trajectory in life. Thank you, Prof Winston, so sorry to see you go. To his family, he made a difference in mine and so many other's lives.

    • Clever Username cl
      Clever Username cl 18 days ago

      @delamo lmao!

    • Tony Baker
      Tony Baker 2 months ago

      @Eric Ornelas with SuperAI haha

    • Lola Walsh
      Lola Walsh 2 months ago

      @Johny Marcial stupidity reigns here despite the stellar lecture

    • Lola Walsh
      Lola Walsh 2 months ago

      @delamo too bad this isn't accurate

    • Rebecca H
      Rebecca H 3 months ago

      What a gift that you had him I knew Ali Javan he was my friend’s Dad and the only person who could converse with my Dad on an equivalent level. I thought of him during the laser portion of this lecture. I wish education eliminated electronics in the classroom during lecture and used them as homework and reading assignments only. Love the empathetic mirroring concept
      as I am an auditory learner.

  • Pralay nath
    Pralay nath 6 days ago

    Mind Blowing lecture : Particularly ending of it gave me goosebumps

  • tigana
    tigana Month ago +11

    I used what I learned in this course to elevate my presentations and it worked:) All thanks to Professor Patrick

  • Jeremy Mccraney
    Jeremy Mccraney 6 days ago

    Él es maravilloso. Comenzó dando a todos la confianza de que pueden tener éxito en la comunicación.

  • Nenia
    Nenia 2 months ago +8

    I love this! Thank you for sharing this course. Mr. Winston is excellent!

  • Robert Carnes
    Robert Carnes Year ago +956

    I served with Patrick on the Navy Research Advisory Board (sic "Navy Science Board"). Few, very few, would ever tell you that there was anyone in our group with tighter reasoning, more humor, and better presentations. He could engage people on any subject, anytime, anywhere. I am honored to have known him and served with him. Rob Carnes

    • Christine Carlson
      Christine Carlson 2 days ago

      @Brian Smyla the ENTIRE point of the lecture is to pay attention to the speaker.

    • Dylan Wacasey
      Dylan Wacasey 12 days ago +1

      @Brian Smyla The only person who needs an ego check is you chief

    • Wendy pitre
      Wendy pitre 2 months ago

      @4philipp Hello dear friend are you in the mindvally motivational group

    • Wendy pitre
      Wendy pitre 2 months ago

      Hello how are you doing today

  • civil heart
    civil heart 13 days ago +2

    He is a wonderful speaker, professor! I was hypnotized and it just made me listen and learn like good old days. Thank you so much.

  • BHAKTI
    BHAKTI 14 days ago +2

    Thank you MIT for these free lectures. I'm honored to have learned from Dr. Winston.

  • MO FA
    MO FA 20 days ago +11

    Loving it, RIP Dr. Winston, May you knowledge you share stays and benifits all viewers, and you'll be living in their good deeds.

  • TheHebrewMonk
    TheHebrewMonk 4 months ago +15

    6:32 - Build a fence around your idea. I love this!
    In Hebrew the word fence is גדר (ga'der) and it is also the root for the verb להגדיר (le'hagdir) which means to define. It reflects the fact that when you define your idea you literally build a fence around them and decide what is part of the definition and what is not.

  • Farhan Mughal
    Farhan Mughal Year ago +1359

    How to start a talk.
    1. Never start with a joke, it always falls flat.
    2. Start with an empowerment statement, i.e. what will the audience achieve after the talk.
    3. Humans have only one language processor, so make sure they focus on what you're saying.
    ------------------------------------------
    Sample Heuristics:
    1. Cycle on the topic. Repeat what are talking about to reinforce it
    2. Build a fence around your ideas, so audiences don't confuse them with the ideas from others. Tell them how your idea is different from others.
    3. Use verbal punctuation to help audiences re-focus. State what you have covered so far and what is there to come.
    4. Ask questions. Engage the audience with moderately difficult questions every now and then. But not very difficult ones.
    ------------------------------------------
    The Tools
    Time & place:
    1. Choose an appropriate time for talks. 11 am is a good time for the 1st lecture of the day.
    2. The place should be well lit.
    3. Know the place before hand, it should be cased so that you can address challenges if any.
    4. Make sure it's reasonably populated.
    Boards & Props:
    1. Chalks and boards are good for informing and teaching.
    2. Boards are well paced medium, people can absorb content while you write or draw graphics.
    6. Using Boards and props helps in empathetic mirroring i.e. audiences think they are doing the writing and drawing
    3. You can used hands to draw attention.
    4. Slides are good for exposing.
    6. Don't use laser pointers as they reduce the speakers' chance to engage with audiences, use a sign-post instead.
    7. Slides should have minimum amount of words. You do the talking and explanation of the points.
    8. Font size should be large enough for easy reading.
    5. Props are useful to help audiences visualize things.
    9. Practice your talk with people who don't know your work so that they don't hallucinate whats not in the presentation.
    ------------------------------------------
    Inspire
    1. Show your passion towards the subject
    2. Promise a solution to a problem
    3. Inspire by igniting passion
    3. Teach people how to think by:
    - Providing stories that they need to know
    - Providing questions that they need to ask about these stories
    - Providing mechanism to analyse these stories
    - Providing ways to put together stories
    - Providing ways to evaluate reliability of the stories
    ------------------------------------------
    Persuade
    1. Job Talks:
    Vision - Tell them about a problem they'd be interested in and provide your approach to the solution.
    Achievement - Provide the steps you will take to solve the problem
    2. Getting Famous:
    Why? - Because you want your work to be recognized.
    How? - Brand your work, have a slogan, have a salient idea and have a story to tell.
    ------------------------------------------
    How to End a Talk
    1. The last slide - It should enumerate what the audience have learnt or achieved after this talk, give them the time to read.
    2. Final words:
    - Never thank the audience.
    - End with a call to action.
    - Alright, you can tell a joke now, people will think they've had fun all the while.

    • Chinh Nguyen
      Chinh Nguyen 21 day ago +1

      The interesting is that I don't need this summary. He was so captivating that information naturally flew into my mind!

    • Farhan Mughal
      Farhan Mughal 2 months ago +1

      @Mari Adkins am glad you found it useful :)

    • Farhan Mughal
      Farhan Mughal 2 months ago

      @Mari Adkins am glad you found it useful :)

    • Mari Adkins
      Mari Adkins 2 months ago +1

      my adhd thanks you so very much!

    • Farhan Mughal
      Farhan Mughal 4 months ago

      @Shirley Cheng thank you for your words 😊

  • Michael Rafales
    Michael Rafales 3 months ago +6

    Thank you so much!! So much of this I will use. Its amazing that in less than an hour you have made me a better teacher than numerous days of professional development.

  • cory
    cory 2 months ago +9

    I think it's very important to know what you know damn well, and get really good at recognizing when you don't know something and be open to being wrong. Know what you know and speak your mind, convey what you *believe in* and be incredibly humble when you think you might be wrong. You aren't a salesman of your knowledge, you are a prophet of your ideals and beliefs.
    Depends on your goals though. If you're a leader, this is your most powerful tool imo. If you're a professor, I think the goal is more along the lines of a factual exchange of information. However I still think you find that the lecturers who really believe in what they're teaching will do this naturally.

  • Alondex
    Alondex 5 days ago

    I feel just blessed to be able to proactively follow and enjoy this Lecture. Thank You

  • Aurora 🔥𝐆𝐨 𝐓𝐨 𝐌𝐲 𝐂𝐡𝐚𝐧𝐧𝐞𝐥 [𝐋!𝐯𝐞]

    RIP Professor Winston. Thank you for making this I have learned so much from everyone at MIT including Professor Winston, you will forever be missed.

  • CHITUS💖⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻⸻

    6:32 - Build a fence around your idea. I love this!
    In Hebrew the word fence is גדר (ga'der) and it is also the root for the verb להגדיר (le'hagdir) which means to define. It reflects the fact that when you define your idea you literally build a fence around them and decide what is part of the definition and what is not.

  • Erick Munywe
    Erick Munywe Month ago +4

    Right there, one of the greatest teaching moments i"ve ever experienced!

  • Archangel M127
    Archangel M127 5 months ago +14

    I'm 36, and I make a living by public speaking and technical training. I wish I'd attended this lecture at age 14, when I began to really learn how to speak in public. Thank you for teaching me so many new tricks! I will be rewatching this quite a few times. :)

    • Archangel M127
      Archangel M127 Month ago

      @Vibha Pathak Technical Training Engineer for one of the software companies along Rte 128.

    • Vibha Pathak
      Vibha Pathak Month ago

      @Archangel M127 how do we make a living by public speaking sir?

    • Archangel M127
      Archangel M127 4 months ago

      @Cuzjudd No, I *started* public speaking seriously when I was 14. I'm not a "great speaker" now, TBPH. :P

    • Cuzjudd
      Cuzjudd 4 months ago

      You became a great speaker at 14? What kind of a prodigy are you?

  • Tomspader
    Tomspader 5 months ago +4

    This guy definitely rocks and knows how to relate to people. Great Talk!

  • Du the best Lion
    Du the best Lion 4 months ago +13

    It is amazing how we can enjoy a lifetime of learning from top professors for free now. We can also review the lessons at any time and anywhere. Knowledge is like ingredients in cooking. To make a good dish, the chef needs sufficient ingredients and skills.

  • keshab kaflay
    keshab kaflay 2 months ago +4

    A gem talk by the professor! A great learning!!!! Thank You Professor!!!!

  • ろろろ
    ろろろ Month ago +6

    00:00:18 students need to be able to protect themselves with speech
    00:00:50 practice beats inherited talent
    00:02:17 overview
    00:03:12 no phones or laptops and why
    -------
    00:04:16 how to start
    00:05:38 heuristic 1: cycle on the subject
    00:06:33 heuristic 2: build a fence around the idea
    00:07:26 heuristic 3: verbal punctuation
    00:08:30 heuristic 4: ?

  • D_Unknown
    D_Unknown Month ago

    I feel blessed to have access to this lecture...Thank you for uploading 🤗

  • Marco Dinacci
    Marco Dinacci Year ago +2402

    "Your success in life will be determined largely by your ability to speak, your ability to write, and the quality of your ideas. In that order."

    • Word Warrior
      Word Warrior 2 months ago

      @ugwuanyi emmanuel I would like to know what YOU mean by "this", what is the "this" YOU are asking about
      I read many books and wait to see their effect on what and how I think. The one thing I avoid is just asking questions
      of others to make it look like I have some kind of power. I would have preferred YOU told me a few of the books YOU
      have read and are reading. Answers are much more important than questions. Even though I do learn a lot from the questions of others. I await YOUR answer.

    • ugwuanyi emmanuel
      ugwuanyi emmanuel 2 months ago

      Hi please what book do you read ( where you got this from)?🙏

    • Word Warrior
      Word Warrior 2 months ago

      @Mari Adkins Do YOU mean, "It takes two..." YOU aren´t a particularly good English teacher, are YOU?
      Why aren´t YOU an English teacher who can control themself instead of trying to control me?
      Was I writing to YOU? No. It only takes one to stop. Just stop. Then it stops. Get it?

    • Mari Adkins
      Mari Adkins 2 months ago

      @Word Warrior "it takes two" -- i'm an english teacher. shove off.

    • Word Warrior
      Word Warrior 2 months ago

      @Mari Adkins Maybe YOU should see a Dr. It tasks two to have a problem.

  • Edel Al Bazy
    Edel Al Bazy 2 months ago +2

    This was awesome. I listened to him on my way to and from work, and I learned a lot!

  • Gary Pettinger
    Gary Pettinger 11 days ago

    I cannot remember a time I watched a TheXvid video and took notes. Excellent presentation. Many thanks for sharing on this platform

  • 21st Century Teachers
    21st Century Teachers 2 months ago +3

    One love Prof Winston! Continue resting in peace. Your profound teachings always speak for you-John

  • Gog Vs MaGog
    Gog Vs MaGog Month ago +1

    This is awesome! Just stumbled into MIT OpenCourseWare channel. Upon watching this I immediately subbed. So many powerful lessons and techniques in this single course. Thank you Instructor Winston (and MIT)👍

  • Tomb Cruisin'
    Tomb Cruisin' 2 years ago +510

    A wonderful talk and a great decision by MIT to have so many lessons available to the public. Rest in peace, Professor Winston.

    • harshith vdn
      harshith vdn Year ago

      @sus Damn that's sad to know
      I want to know who is continuing this tradition of this speech in MIT

    • David Dacus
      David Dacus 2 years ago +4

      sus it’s not surprising by the way he is breathing unless it’s anxiety but I doubt it. Interesting lecture though so far.

    • sus
      sus 2 years ago +8

      @Bohn Blue Professor Winston passed away this year

    • Bohn Blue
      Bohn Blue 2 years ago +1

      @mohammed Asif idk man what do you thing "rest in peace" means

  • Terry Shaw
    Terry Shaw Month ago +1

    Thank you professor for the teachings!

  • BlueVenom Productions
    BlueVenom Productions 23 days ago +2

    What he said about writing it and being actuated to it really hit home for me. Especially when your more kinesthetic like myself. I never took notes in my undergrad or bought the books. I always thought being attentive was more important. One of the professors who helps write the MCAT swore I would fail his course(Organic Chemistry). I thought it was funny considering he uploaded his lecturers for the day with his audio. I am a horrible, and I mean horrible multi-tasker. I came to class, always sat in front row, and just listened. I graduated with honors, and never failed a course. I took a self-help exam somewhere on-line during my college days to learn how I learned best. And it was visual,auditory, and kinesthetics. So it was important to study using all 3 techniques and your brain does a pretty good job of ordering them together.
    Great speech!

  • Richard Poplis
    Richard Poplis 4 months ago +1

    Why cant every student be taught.... by a professor like this.... god bless MIT for finding such a great person.... i wish i had one professor like this..... god bless

  • LT's Diary
    LT's Diary 8 days ago

    Thank you Professor Winston! This a memorable lecture!

  • Bertrand Laurence
    Bertrand Laurence 4 days ago

    Masterful, just wonderful content and delivery about content and delivery. I am sure Mr. Winston was a lovely and gracious person . Grateful!

  • Simón Levental
    Simón Levental 4 months ago +2

    I listened only a minute and I must tell you it's absolutely fascinating. The gentleman knows his topic. Kudos.

  • petec9686
    petec9686 5 months ago +3

    This guy is brilliant.
    I think back to the countless hours of death by power point I have sat through and have to agree with every word he says.

  • George Hollingsworth
    George Hollingsworth 3 months ago +2

    When I was working in the Private Sector and for the Government, I found that there was a TERRIBLE shortage of qualified applicants coming out of college that could adequately express their ideas, especially in written form, and there was a dearth of CREATIVE THOUGHT. I found that in the vast majority of jobs we recruited for, we looked for someone possessing THESE skills more than any that were especially related to the job itself. Our reasoning was that we could teach you the specific skill sets needed for a particular job, but we could not teach you to effectively communicate outside of the box.
    I was an a academic prior to that, and I saw that many students graduated without these skills, not realizing the premium placed on them in the Real World.

  • ChefXplorer_hk
    ChefXplorer_hk Year ago +128

    00:16 Introduction
    03:11 Rules of Engagement
    04:15 How to Start
    05:38 Four Sample Heuristics
    10:17 The Tools: Time and Place
    13:24 The Tools: Boards, Props, and Slides
    36:30 Informing:Promise,Inspiration, How To Think
    41:30 Persuading: Oral Exams, Job Talks, Getting Famous
    53:06 How to Stop: Final Slide, Final Words
    56:35 Final Words: Joke, Thank You, Examples

    • Wilson
      Wilson 4 months ago

      @Matthias Cress yawn

    • LovingSoul61
      LovingSoul61 6 months ago

      Thank you!!

    • Charichard
      Charichard 7 months ago +2

      Thanks this helped with my second run through and also taking down notes after the first run.

    • Matthias Cress
      Matthias Cress 7 months ago +1

      Or you just watch the whole thing

  • Sweta Verma
    Sweta Verma 12 days ago

    Thank you professor Winston for this masterpiece 👏👏

  • xyclops xyclops
    xyclops xyclops Month ago +2

    Thank you professor for the teachings!

  • MrNicoJac
    MrNicoJac 3 months ago +7

    31:49 Funnily enough, these are my favorite kind of slide to be shown....
    **IF** the professor talk us through _every. single. line. individually_ and they appear one after another (instead of the whole slide BAM at once, lol).
    If you paid attention in class, these types of slides are _perfect_ for reading through _one_ last time the night before the exam, and passing by having most of it fresh in your memory.
    It's really just a 300 page textbook summarized in 3 pages, which is _awesome_

    • CreativeBuilds
      CreativeBuilds 3 months ago

      yup, some professors are better for some students than others :)

  • Anna Shearing
    Anna Shearing 2 months ago

    I've just started studying communicating sustainability...
    This has been very beneficial and is so on point.
    Communication is everything... finding a way to educate others , with knowledge about important & essential skills to enable balance... across the board. Expressing passion and educating people to help understand the necessary steps to show their own individual needs... and to be apart of the healthy evolution of us. 🌱

  • Ernie Ho
    Ernie Ho 2 years ago +4703

    Once upon a time, I stayed up late at the MIT lab. On 6am , I saw professor Winston came to the lab and start drawing on the board. I asked professor "Hi Prof Winston, why are you here so early?"
    However, he ignored me, and keep drawing on the board...
    After an hour, he called my name. "Hey Ernie, what's up?"
    I looked at him and asked "Hi Prof, is this the drawing for the course later on this morning? Why did you practice the subject if you taught it so many times?"
    He looked at me and smiled "I'm like an athlete, got to rehearse and improve my performance before every game! I've done it for many decades, and this is my commitment for students! "
    At that moment, I have no word to describe my feeling, but having tears in my eyes and deepest respect from my heart.
    The man standing in front of me is the ford professor at MIT, he practiced before each course even he had taught it for over 30 years, he showed his commitment and dedication to his students not by his words, but his actions!
    He is Prof Patrick Henry Winston, a great spirit who inspired thousands and thousands of brilliant minds.
    Prof Winston, please rest in peace…
    Thank you for teaching and mentoring... your commitment and dedication for students always live deeply in our heart!

    • Fr1nc3sc41
      Fr1nc3sc41 Month ago

      Having passed through MIT, are you famous yet?

    • Marina Phillips
      Marina Phillips 5 months ago

      @Grn South Exactly! That was my point. We all learn differently. We process information differently. We respond or not differently to stimuli. I don’t expect someone to have an instant answer to my question. We are all unique creatures. Some people THINK before they respond.

    • Marina Phillips
      Marina Phillips 5 months ago

      @Dionysius 1 B Actually it was 15 when I got laid with acne. I don’t get your hostility toward me, I went to a NYC University which was great. If I were lucky enough to get into MIT, that would be wunderbar but my own University was amazing. Also, being a New Yorker meant that I got street smarts and learned a lot more about life than any MIT course. I don’t know from where you sprang but I am intellectually superior and also fashion-forward superior to you 7 days a week. So bite me!

    • davies oyetunji
      davies oyetunji 6 months ago +1

      He can't be "late", just had a productive engagement with him few seconds ago. God bless his soul; "God bless MIT" ; And "God bless America."

  • S.K
    S.K 4 months ago +14

    Amazing how he internalized and demonstrated almost every points he emphasized about “how to speak” to the lecture itself.

  • TheTalantonX
    TheTalantonX 5 months ago +5

    This was an amazing talk and something I'll carry with me from here on.

  • Trevor Adams
    Trevor Adams 2 months ago +11

    It is amazing how we can enjoy a lifetime of learning from top professors for free now. We can also review the lessons at any time and anywhere. Knowledge is like ingredients in cooking. To make a good dish, the chef needs sufficient ingredients and skills

    • Thomas Ford
      Thomas Ford 2 months ago +1

      @Harvey Townsend Thank you Patrick Winston for this amazing knowledge sharing.

    • Harvey Townsend
      Harvey Townsend 2 months ago +3

      It can’t be too easy because then people will be embarrassed to say what the answer is” perfect explanation!

  • Diva Livingston
    Diva Livingston 2 months ago

    I am thrilled I came across this lecture. I agree completely with his analysis of PP and how to minimize to maximize. His emphasis on using the "conclusion" slide to list your contributions was beautiful. One may forget to give a summary of what you said throughout the question and answer portion of discussing your qualifications and experience. I made several pages of notes and organized them as if I were to give a report to a supervisor. So helpful. Thank you, Mr. Winston.

  • Abazaba Abazaba
    Abazaba Abazaba Year ago +173

    To think this guy is an AI teacher but he so eloquently broke down how to communicate is truly impressive. What a great watch.

    • FlyingMonkies325
      FlyingMonkies325 8 months ago +2

      If you want to do it yourself just find your info then squish it down into a more concise and simplified way, people learn best with smaller bits of info at a time rather than a lot it's just easy to follow... turns out even for me and what i was missing for years what we all were clearly not taught.
      I've been learning Maths on my own and so through writing my own Instructional Notes you see that information is generally scattered around not just online but in books too and so... you need to take it all and then put it into 1 place, but don't compromise on the details that's too much simplification then. If written well then it's useful to always keep it and stay refreshed for yourself too. Some tips from Bloggers are very helpful because you also want to reduce the word count.

    • Aleksander Budzynowski
      Aleksander Budzynowski Year ago +15

      To make significant advances in the field of AI you really must be multitalented-a philosopher, psychoanalyst, systems thinker. AI is not about being a programming whiz. It requires someone with constant insight into what it means to be human. So it's not at all surprising that Prof Winston was an excellent communicator.

  • Abd elrahman mohamed
    Abd elrahman mohamed 22 days ago

    well done sir.
    valuable information without a penny
    god bless TheXvid algorithms for allowing me to find such an amazing professor speech.

  • Sandra Dankowski
    Sandra Dankowski 2 months ago

    I learned quite a bit from this lecture. I will listen to it again and take notes so I retain more of this key information.thank you for posting it.

  • Kenneth M
    Kenneth M 4 months ago +2

    Thank you for teaching this. Without it, I would never have the courage to speak when I am next or close to Patrick.

  • noor syyed
    noor syyed 22 days ago

    thank you for uploading such an amazing lecture

  • Gregory Battis
    Gregory Battis Year ago +559

    RIP Professor Winston. Thank you for making this I have learned so much from everyone at MIT including Professor Winston, you will forever be missed.

    • Bastian
      Bastian 2 months ago +1

      @Neverhaveiever yeah its not hard to miss...he wasnt enjoying himself

    • Babu
      Babu 2 months ago

      @iLuv Forex me too. Just watching now and reading comments that he is no more. Gratitude for the legacy he left behind that we can access after his passing. I would have told him that as I'm watching him on a laptop, it would take the pizzazz of the lecture away if I closed the laptop :-)

    • TearzOnFearz
      TearzOnFearz 2 months ago

      @Ragnar Axelson Yeah

    • iLuv Forex
      iLuv Forex 2 months ago +2

      Oh wow. I had no idea he passed away. :( I found that lecture beyond informative! I wish I could have thanked him personally.

    • Anika Tasnim
      Anika Tasnim 3 months ago +1

      He will continue to live among us through the wisdoms he had spread

  • Tapas Biswas
    Tapas Biswas Month ago +4

    I wish I could have listened to Prof Winston when I was a college student. Lucky to be in today's digital world and being able to listen to this type of invaluable talk for free. Thank you so much Prof Winston!!

    • Money News
      Money News 28 days ago

      He was the type of Professor we would all love to have had. And those to have attended his lectures are the lucky ones. I can hardly believe the skills he's teaching & displaying. Incredible mind. Some of us once had. But he stayed sharp. Incredible. I feel honoured to have watched this.

    • Shashank Rustagi
      Shashank Rustagi Month ago

      koi ni sir, it is never tooo late

  • Shekhar Veera
    Shekhar Veera 3 months ago +3

    What a fabulous talk on how to talk by Prof. Winston!! RIP!

  • Claxterix
    Claxterix 3 months ago +3

    This is a talk that we should always revisit once in a while to maybe get to a tenth of how good a speaker Patrick was.

  • JPTech933
    JPTech933 3 months ago

    This is a superb video.. Thank you. It will help me better communicate with my adult learners, most are struggling to understand their computers and the related applications. Communicating efficiently by phone and by zoom with them, is a benefit to me but especially for them. I need to be able to transmit a message so it can be clearly understood and acted upon by them.

  • Árón de Siún
    Árón de Siún 9 months ago +415

    When I was young, my father passed on the wisdom about presentations he'd been taught in business in the 80s. One slide should contain the prompts and diagrams for at least five minutes of talking. In other words if you are giving a 20 min business presentation, you should, at most, have four fairly basic slides. You are there to talk and be listened to, if you would prefer people be reading then write and distribute a report

    • Ian Casey
      Ian Casey Month ago +1

      @Reasoner Enlightened Advertising is different as it serves to peek curiousity/grab attention for a short while and not to impart information!
      A very short intro to a talk is like an ad - "what, why I should continue listening?"

    • Fredrikbb
      Fredrikbb 2 months ago +4

      correct. There's a great video here on youtube called "Death by Powerpoint".

    • Ian Casey
      Ian Casey 2 months ago +3

      I agree.
      Too many slide transitions only serves as distractions.
      Not having slides on long enough, the listener "reader" would not be able to digest what was written.
      The audience would have the choice to STOP listening so that they can rapidly read the slide before it's removed.
      Or they'll STOP reading the slides to avoid any distractions to what is said.
      Slides used only to prompt the speaker is not for the audience consumption.
      Also, another salient point is that on TheXvid our comments are based on what is showen in the videos NOT on the experience of the live audience!
      Though it may be convenient to be able to rewind and pause the videos, it's also annoying to have the same done to the audio content.
      IMHO

    • Reasoner Enlightened
      Reasoner Enlightened 4 months ago +7

      no more than 2 minutes per slide due to human attention span.
      Learn from advertising. Each slide is one advert. Bang-bang-bang, their minds must be made to lose control of reality. Only then you could plant your ideas in their heads.
      Make that sale, boy.

    • Nazri Buang
      Nazri Buang 4 months ago

      Lies again? Speak Sensual

  • Maxine E
    Maxine E 4 months ago

    Wow that was one of the best ways to learn how to give a presentation. I learned so much. I did not have to take notes, or record it to remember it. I will utilize this style in teaching my drawing of zentangle to others.

  • Emily Gowor
    Emily Gowor 2 months ago +1

    Thank you for sharing this video. I've come a long way from being so shy to being able to speak in front of crowds, but there is always another level to go to.

  • tdoc
    tdoc Day ago

    Brilliant lesson, what a good speaker :)

  • Cristobal B
    Cristobal B 2 months ago +8

    thank you for making this content available. Really inspiring! to watch over and over again.

  • Carlos G
    Carlos G 11 months ago +249

    An absolute master lesson in public speaking. What a privilege it has been to spend 1 hour learning from Professor Patrick Winston. Thank you MIT OCW for sharing. This class can be applied all throughout life, whether through casual conversation with friends or while negotiating. I'm on my 5th time watching it now and it gets better with each view.

    • Roberto Flores
      Roberto Flores 2 months ago +2

      Indeed

    • Henry Moore
      Henry Moore 3 months ago +1

      Jesus, stay in school. Carlos. You have proven your ability to use your life usefully. Keep watching the professor and stay away from drugs.

  • Aditya
    Aditya 4 months ago

    Thank you Patrick Winston for this amazing knowledge sharing.

  • Negosyo Manila
    Negosyo Manila 4 months ago

    Browsing your video is like reading a good book! I have benefited a lot! Thank you for your hard work!🥰 Your channel is great. I'll never get used to saying it is worthy of a million likes! Fully watched! 💯🥰.

  • That Time Stamp Guy
    That Time Stamp Guy Month ago +3

    *Introduction* 0:33
    Soldiers shouldn't' have to go out into war without quality weapons
    Students shouldn't have to go out into life without quality communication skill
    Success In Life comes from your
    1. Ability to Speak
    2. Ability to Write
    3. The Quality of Ideas
    "What really matters is what you know." 1:11
    [This occurred to me when..(tells story from his past that he believes proves his point)...]
    Knowledge, Practice, Talent -> Success/Fail
    3:18 Rules of Engagement: _Shut Off The Distractions_ WHY!?
    - So you better engage the talk
    - So I can give a better talk
    *How To Start A Talk* 4:24
    5:20 Make An Empowerment Promise [you are going to bring value to them right?]
    _Heuristics for successful sharing of speech_
    5:50 CYCLE if it's important, repeat it, people "fog out" and miss it the 1st time
    6:33 FENCE Build a Fence around it: Distinguish what something is vs what someone might think it is
    7:27 PUNCTUATE Verbal Punctuation: Leave a Landmark, refer back to an outline to show we are moving through to a new place in the talk (paragraph your ideas)
    - First thing - Second thing - Third thing
    - Next, Moving On, - So That brings me to...
    _Ask a question_
    8:52 Ask an [on-topic] question to eliminate dead air and refocus the audience
    9:54 Objective: Develop your own personal style
    *Setting For A Talk*
    _Time & Place_
    10:20 11 AM, (Awake)
    10:54 Well Lit (Awake)
    11:48 Cased (Prepared)
    12:50 Populated (Signals Importance)
    _Tools_ 13:35
    Blackboard: To Inform
    Slide Show: To Expose
    14:25 SPEED - Blackboard speed is efficient for people to remember what you convey
    14:41 TARGET
    _Procedure_
    16:48 _Props_ (tells a story about playwrites, comes back to the drawing of the stove)
    18:34 Bicycle Wheel, Torque
    20:44 Conservation of Energy
    _Empathetic Mirroring_ (Living Vicariously) 22:58 why props are effective
    _Creating a Powerpoint:_ (KISS)
    25:20 Readers aren't Listening
    Reading vs Listening, Reading wins
    For Best Powerpoint
    *40-50 Size Font
    * Use Arrows to Focus Attention
    33:25 Hapex Legomicon
    35:40 How Mistakes in presentation hurt audience attention
    *Inform, Promise, Inspire*
    36:23 Motivation, Illumination, Passion about Activity
    38:42 You can express how Cool stuff is
    *Teach People How To Think* 40:11
    40:45 Storytelling
    Give me
    - The Stories I Need To Know
    - The Questions
    - The Analysis
    - The Conclusion
    41:54 Oral Exams used to be brutally Failure
    Failure to Situate
    Failure to Practice
    _Job Talks_ (introduces with a personal story)
    44:09 Vision, Done Something, you have 5 Minutes to prove it.
    Problem, Novel Approach.
    46:34 Symbolic Creatures, Story Creatures, unlike animals.
    Contributions
    _Becoming Recognized_
    48:17 Why should I care about being famous?
    + autographs + change someone's life
    "you get used to it" 000
    "Your ideas are like Your children"
    50:11
    SYMBOL Star, Arch
    SLOGAN
    SURPRISE
    Salient Idea
    Near Miss
    Story
    _How To Stop: Coming to Final Slide, Coming To The Last Words_
    53:12 WHAT NOT TO END WITH
    55:51 What to end with: Contributions
    56:50 End with a joke
    57:39 Thank You - sweet move, but a weak move; save it for the applause
    58:29 "What everybody does is not necessarily the right thing."
    God Bless You, God Bless America
    You Must, You Must
    1:00:49 You don't have to say Thank You
    Ite Missa Est
    1:02:03 Salute
    "It's been great fun being here... I look forward to speaking with you again"
    1:03:00 "I'm glad you're here."
    "I suggest you come back again and bring your friends."

  • Daler Blackflame
    Daler Blackflame 23 days ago +1

    fantastic lecture! Thank you !

  • Moosa ali
    Moosa ali 2 years ago +715

    Summary: Opening, Samples, Tools
    Start:
    Don't start with a joke. Try an "empowerment promise".
    4 Sample heuristics:
    1. Cycling
    2. Fencing
    3. Verbal punctuation
    4. Asking a question
    The Tools:
    + Time and place
    11am is a good time for a lecture. "Well-lit" room is the most important factor. It's also important the lecture room is relatively well-populated and easy to reach.
    + Boards and props
    -Try use boards. They give something to do with hands and directs attention.
    -Use props. They can make ideas much easier to engage with, and to "grasp" easily.
    Projections:
    +Slides: Slides should be supplementary, by having few words, simple images and no clutter.
    +Crimes: Don't use laser pointers or stick pointers. Just talk through the topic.
    - The "too heavy" crime
    - Hands-in-pockets crime
    Information:
    - Promises
    - Make it inspirational/astonishing
    - Show the audience "how to think" by providing them the stories they need to know, the questions they must ask about those stories, mechanisms for analysing those stories, ways of putting stories together, ways of evaluating the reliability of stories.
    - Structure using vision, steps, contribution framework.
    - Use symbols, slogans, surprise, salient idea, the story
    The End:
    Contribution slide. What you argued, how you argued it, and why it matters. A little joke to sweeten the ending.

    • Luceat Lux
      Luceat Lux Year ago

      @Nancy Hollo there are many more aspects of grammar that, i would say, 95% of gen pop public do not seem to know how to express correctly... this is why i just give a blanket break to everyone, especially in informal circumstances. ya do what you can for your fellow man, right? anymore, if they get across the idea of the communique, i don't see anything wrong.
      my favorite type of commenters are the ones (all over YT's absolutely toxic comment sections) that whine about something as innocuous and obvious as my lack of use of capitals to start sentences, saying something akin to: "You need to learn to write correctly... Like ME..." i mean, at least my practices are obviously on purpose and we all know that we all know better. this is much better than a complete lack of understanding and the perpetuation of ignorance regarding the proper use of, "me," vs, "I," or other genuine syntax errors.
      i will say, though, that it makes me feel a little disappointed in regards to all that formal vocabulary training my mother spent, hours a day, working on with me throughout my entire childhood (idk why this was such an obsession with her)... it seems was such a waste, relative to what i could've spent my time on. these days, i've read professional authors who write incorrectly. it just seems to be nbd anymore.
      just incidentally, another seemingly useless aspect of life that my mother obsessed about teaching my sister and me was proper high brow behavioral etiquette. with all of the non-traditional powerful people of today's world, many of these types of antiquated refinements seem to be much less important.

    • SquareRootOf2
      SquareRootOf2 Year ago

      @Nancy Hollo "You should not comment until you learn to be humble and get over your superiority complex. You should also learn to make sandwiches" - Jesus Christ

    • Meneer Jas
      Meneer Jas 2 years ago

      This is too much text for a slide!

    • Emiliano Ferial
      Emiliano Ferial 2 years ago +1

      Salute you

    • Ghiivannhy Khaztroh
      Ghiivannhy Khaztroh 2 years ago +1

      @rbzzzzzrb you didnt hear the whole thing? Bro. You missed out. Patience is a virtue.

  • john majewski
    john majewski 5 months ago +2

    Thank you for your effort, professor Winston, I benefited greatly. Let me tell you, every min of your tutorial helped clean out my closet of presentation errors I have been making over the years!.

  • Susanna Su
    Susanna Su Month ago +1

    We are grateful that MIT is making lectures like this available to the general public. Allowing Professor Patrick Winston's teaching to reach people beyond the institution, in essence transferring his knowledge to our world beyond his lifetime.

  • Marc Wyant
    Marc Wyant 11 days ago +1

    I'm entering my first year of teaching middle school in the fall. Useful advice!

  • Roshan
    Roshan 2 months ago +6

    Legends never die, his presentation will forever be here.. serving us all whenever we need!
    RIP PW 🕊

  • KenDBerryMD
    KenDBerryMD 2 years ago +82

    Excellent!!!

    • MedK
      MedK 4 months ago

      Nice to see you here!

    • Tim Dailey
      Tim Dailey Year ago +2

      Hey Dr. Berry (from one of your carnivore subscribers 🥩)!!

    • GermanMeetsAsian
      GermanMeetsAsian Year ago +3

      He needs to workout

  • Ramdas R
    Ramdas R 24 days ago

    Wonderful talk that though i am not a MIT student get to listen to this great speech with tips. Much appreciated.

  • Ryan R.
    Ryan R. 11 days ago +4

    I solute to you Patrick Winston for giving this amazing lecture, before your passing. rest in peace