Heat Treatment -The Science of Forging (feat. Alec Steele)

  • Published on Jan 29, 2018
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Comments • 935

  • Serdar Kocak
    Serdar Kocak 6 days ago

    but how carbon content of steel increases while it cools %0.5 to %0.8 how's that even possible. doesnt free carbon atoms that are not forming carbide count?

  • Chrissy The Conqueror

    That thumbnail looked like "Real Engineering vs. 1000 degree hot glowing knife challenge".

  • Matt Langstraaat
    Matt Langstraaat 8 days ago

    Interesting, but give me a chart of differnt steels.... s30. Ect

  • flesruoytsacdaorbebutuoy

    The information is great, but god so much talking so fast, becomes quite annoying

  • yogi aditya
    yogi aditya 10 days ago +1

    Material Science and Engg. Course
    Duration: One Semester | Learning: NIL
    Real Engineering TheXvid Channel
    Duration: ~12 mins/ video | Learning: Everything

  • Nathan Kirk
    Nathan Kirk 10 days ago

    At 3:12 I realized I really wasn't passed the loss of my Companion Cube.

  • Unabonger420
    Unabonger420 11 days ago +2

    This is amazingly informative. I have no idea what you just said but I appreciate you, fam.

  • Jan Kořínek
    Jan Kořínek 11 days ago

    I have just traveled by time machine! That's what an important part of my engineering school was about! Greetings from the Czech republic!

  • GuitarDudeBoii
    GuitarDudeBoii 11 days ago

    Watching this so I can better understand Forged in Fire

  • Steven Russell
    Steven Russell 13 days ago

    Mmm!! Hardness is defined as resistance to Indentation and measured on the Rockwell scale chalk =1 Cdiamond =90.by hitting steel any C content you will alter the hardness of the sample it's called work hardening

    • Aaron Washburn
      Aaron Washburn 12 days ago

      I think you're confusing the rockwell c scale with the Moh's scale, the rockwell C scale really only goes up to 70 for most purposes even though you'll find gauges going up higher. Also neither of those materials (chalk or diamond) would be properly measured in HRC. Chalk is too soft and you'd get a zero while diamond (being that the indenter is diamond) would give negligible indentation depth so you'd max out the scale and not get a real reading. You'd also probably damage the indenter tip. If you want to measure softer things switch down to rockwell A or B or switch to Vickers. If you want to measure the actual hardness of hard things you also need to switch to Vickers.

  • Phantom Wind
    Phantom Wind 14 days ago

    Your tempering explanation and demonstration sucks.

  • trife life
    trife life 16 days ago +1

    I don't understand 😭😤

  • FireStorm4056
    FireStorm4056 19 days ago +1

    Small correction - hardening steel does NOT stiffen it. The elastic modulus of steel is more or less completely insensitive to quenching, tempering, etc, and as a result, mild and hardened steels have the same elastic modulus. It is a common misconception that hardening a steel stiffens it, but this is not true; the elastic modulus does not change.
    What hardened steel DOES have is significantly less ductility (plastic strain before breaking)... this is largely what drives the misconception. But, stiffness is designed for strictly within the elastic regime, and there, the modulus of steel is constant.

  • James
    James 21 day ago

    Very informative video but are all the visuals pinched from someone else’s channel???

  • kebman
    kebman 23 days ago

    Steel... In Norway we have a word called "stilig". Uh, it just means stylish, and it has really nothing to do with steel, other than pronounciation........ :p Ok enough internet for today!

  • Pertamax7
    Pertamax7 26 days ago

    Ok sir

  • Paul Marshall
    Paul Marshall 26 days ago

    I know you're a Irish, but do you need to talk so bloody fast?

  • Vlad Constantinescu
    Vlad Constantinescu 28 days ago

    what kind of oil is that for quencing ?

  • Didn DiDo
    Didn DiDo 29 days ago

    Too many ites for me

  • Therealswimguy
    Therealswimguy Month ago

    Where was this video before I took my material science exam

  • Jonel Bolaños
    Jonel Bolaños Month ago

    history doug: it well kell

  • Cubancomanche 21 | "Giving Back to the Good Earth"

    There is an old Viking legend of the very best Viking Ulfberht swords being quenched in the blood of dragons. . .I just can never find any on Ebay these days. . .They are always out of stock! My substitution of Canola oil just seems very vegan and lame for some reason!
    "Yol Bolsun!" "May there be a road!"

  • Daniel Alamo
    Daniel Alamo Month ago

    I just started watching Alec recently. He does put on a show.

  • speedxdreems
    speedxdreems Month ago

    thumbs down for adverts ontop of adverts within the adverts .... monetize or sponsor both = dislike

  • Jord van der Lichte

    Whats wrong whit you R

  • 21Watts
    21Watts Month ago

    Not even gonna lie, this helped quite a bit while studying for my engineering material fundamentals final

  • Bable Zmith
    Bable Zmith Month ago +1

    Inoticed you used the word 'grinded'. Here is a little something I found from writingexplained.org that might help you in the future
    Most English verbs are regular, which means they follow a clearly delineated set of conjugation rules. Some, though, are irregular-they are conjugated in unpredictable ways that are not usually constant across words.
    Grind is one such verb. It becomes ground in the past tense, in much the same way that find becomes found.
    What about grinded, though? You may have seen this word appear in print sources if you are an English major or are fond of perusing 19th-century spice catalogs. However, as a modern writer, you only have one real choice in your own work.
    What is the Difference Between Grinded and Ground?
    In this article, I will compare ground vs. grinded. I will use outline the correct conjugation of this verb and use it in various example sentences, so that you can see it in context.
    Then, I will show you a mnemonic device that makes choosing grinded or ground much easier.
    When to Use Ground
    Grinded versus ground What does ground mean? Ground is the past tense conjugation of the verb grind. To grind is to crush something into smaller particles through continuous physical force.
    Coffee beans are ground into fine particles before having hot water poured over them to brew coffee. Peppercorns are also ground before being added to food to intensify its flavor.
    Here are a few more examples,
    The victim was unidentifiable because the killer had ground his bones into a fine powder and scattered them alongside the interstate.
    The recipe calls for half a tablespoon of ground mustard seed, but I don’t like mustard, so I used turmeric instead.
    Coffee grounds or coffee grinds? As a coffee drinker, your coffee beans are ground into coffee grounds, not coffee grinds.
    Here’s an example,
    'Coffee die-hards know better. They know the best cups - those full-bodied brews that balance acidity, sweetness and bitterness, without the off-flavors of over- or under-extraction - can be achieved only with the proper water temperature, the proper brew period and the proper ratio of grounds to water.' -The Washington Post
    Of course, ground has other meanings. As a noun, it means the earth, for instance. Those meanings are important, but they are not relevant to the distinction between ground and grinded.
    When to Use Grinded
    What does grinded mean? Grinded is a mistaken conjugation of the verb grind when grind means to crush something into particles.
    coffee grinds or grounds
    As I mentioned above, grind is an irregular verb, which means it doesn’t follow the regular rules used by most verbs in English.
    Here are some ways to conjugate grind:
    I/we grind: first person singular and plural present
    You grind: second person singular and plural present
    He/she/it grinds: third person singular present
    They grind: third person plural present
    Grinding: present participle
    Ground: simple past
    Grinded is a legitimate conjugation in a different sense, however. There is a type of dance known as grinding, where grinded is the correct past tense. This, however, has nothing to do with ground.
    Trick to Remember the Difference
    If you are looking for the proper past tense of grind, there is only one correct choice.
    Ground is the correct conjugation.
    Ground is considered the standard inflection of this past tense verb by virtually everyone.
    Since ground and found are both past tense verbs, you can use this rhyme to remember that ground is the best version of this word to use.
    Is it ground or grinded? Ground and grinded are two variants of the past tense conjugation of the verb grind.
    Ground is the correct past tense form.
    Grinded is an improper conjugation, unless the reference is to dancing.

  • Jaystarz2000 Great gaming and Vlogs

    Some fuckers say money is important fuck that rubbish all Materials are important but money is full of lies.

  • Ver64
    Ver64 Month ago

    This info is gold....thanks

  • D D
    D D Month ago

    EXPLODE, gas explodes. Word is SHEAR: break off or cause to break off, owing to a structural strain.

  • Jo Eltham
    Jo Eltham Month ago

    Gosh you talk so fast, were you in a hurry?

  • dene castles
    dene castles Month ago

    Your video is so informative thank you so much I always wanted to know this

  • Azhar Aurangzeb
    Azhar Aurangzeb Month ago

    Best video can you make it more simple because I am not educated please

  • shane
    shane 2 months ago

    Hahaha I cant believe you couldn't bend the last one. I would've had it done in no time. I've moved some crazy shit with hammers but I'm on the tools all day everyday.

    • Real Engineering
      Real Engineering  2 months ago

      Ooooh big strong man impressing everyone on TheXvid 😂

  • Michael Mullas
    Michael Mullas 2 months ago

    What about cycling the tempering tho ?

  • Salman Haider
    Salman Haider 2 months ago

    I want to copy this and make a hindi version of it.

  • Sarang Naik
    Sarang Naik 2 months ago

    You have any another channel ?
    If yes plz send link somewhere

  • Lucas Lucas
    Lucas Lucas 2 months ago

    Is it possible to make cheap knives better by re heat treating and temper

  • Kirkendauhl
    Kirkendauhl 2 months ago

    There's so much information here I'll have to watch this video at least a few more times before I can really understand what's going on.

    • Kirkendauhl
      Kirkendauhl 2 months ago

      Second time's the charm so far, definitely picked up more information than the last time when I was drowsy lol

  • uddin islah
    uddin islah 2 months ago

    Very nice

  • Jesse Myers
    Jesse Myers 2 months ago

    Great video! You know what your talking about and most importantly WHY you do what you do when working with steel. I see some people just "guessing" as to why they do what they do to the steel when trying to improve it. Thanks for the education!

  • Egg_Runner
    Egg_Runner 2 months ago

    Currently doing electronics and so far have mainly used breadboards, seeing them at the end of this video brought back my haunting memories of all those perfectly build circuits that didn't work because bread boards are terrible V_V

  • BarcaTalk
    BarcaTalk 2 months ago

    Honestly that was the summary of my third semester Materials Science class! The subtle compromise between ductility and hardness. Show of hands if you are a Mechanical engineering undergrad

  • Trajan Pripps
    Trajan Pripps 2 months ago

    At 0:54 you said you fail to tell why carbon has a huge affect on the steel’s strength, well here’s why: Carbon is a much smaller element (in actual size) than iron is. When carbon and iron are smelted together to make the steel, the carbon will fit into the spaces between the iron atoms thus making them much more resistant to physical change, aka plastic deformation. However, too much carbon (>2.1%) and the steel turns into what is called cast iron, this excess carbon in cast iron is also what causes it to be a little stronger but more brittle. That is why steel (

  • CJ 314159
    CJ 314159 2 months ago


  • Ed H.
    Ed H. 2 months ago

    So happy you muted that other dudes voice. It looked like he was really spazzing out ,trying to explain!

  • Dean Jones
    Dean Jones 2 months ago

    thank you for this! After watching forged in fire I REALLY wanted to know what the hell was happenign in the heat treat!

  • quesder
    quesder 2 months ago

    A question about quenching in oil: why not all the oil in the container burn out? Thanks.

  • Artsofthewood
    Artsofthewood 2 months ago

    Goes to show that there is magic in the world.

  • Volker Siegel
    Volker Siegel 2 months ago

    The 200 degrees for tempering - which kind of degrees are they? They're not Kelvin, that's for sure...

  • Jeffri Ranger
    Jeffri Ranger 2 months ago

    I just upgraded my knowledge
    Thank you

  • John-Paul Mitchell
    John-Paul Mitchell 2 months ago

    I have wonderd about these materials for twenty uears since reading about them in a samurai sword forging book. Thank you for making it so easy to understand!

  • Earth Man
    Earth Man 2 months ago

    Say what?

  • maybe nah
    maybe nah 2 months ago

    NANI! THE F**K

  • Jose Antonio
    Jose Antonio 2 months ago

    Interesting information!

  • shashi do
    shashi do 3 months ago

    Good information. Thank you

  • Chris Collins
    Chris Collins 3 months ago

    Make mine from machine files.

  • All Tree Solutions
    All Tree Solutions 3 months ago

    This helped me 0

  • saquib sarwer
    saquib sarwer 3 months ago

    Make a video on carbon iron phase diagram.

  • Braddles Blue
    Braddles Blue 3 months ago

    The dude speaking in this video talks way way to faxt. It's like he's speed talking. Please slowdown and it would become much more enjoyable. Just saying.

  • NAMiK
    NAMiK 3 months ago

    Do you understand punctuation? There is some good information but it sounds like a fake ai just spouting shit. Pause for a minute and let the info sink in
    I can't process the info because there is no time for me to absorb what you are saying. Balaha de lahh lah leh lahhsa . Please just stop for a minute at the end of a sentence.

    • NAMiK
      NAMiK 3 months ago

      It really sounds like you are just trying to beat the world record for words per minute reading speed. and failing badly.

  • curtislee
    curtislee 3 months ago

    I like how you like using videos of Hong Kong

  • Santiago dos Santos
    Santiago dos Santos 3 months ago

    Great video, only mistake I noticed, pure iron isn’t ferrite, it’s just pure iron. Ferrite IS almost pure iron, but it’s acutally a solution of Fe and 0.035% C

    • Aaron Washburn
      Aaron Washburn 3 months ago

      Ferrite refers to pure iron at room temperature as well as with alloying contents. To be more specific alpha-ferrite (there is a delta ferrite at high temp) just refers to the bcc form of iron present at low temperatures.

  • Michael
    Michael 3 months ago

    I've never felt more defeated by information overload than I do right now. I don't think I've ever heard someone say " wait, we're going to need a bigger graph"... its like you found a way to weaponize information because it just made my head hurt pretty bad

  • jadekayak01
    jadekayak01 3 months ago

    learnt nothing

  • slim azraf
    slim azraf 3 months ago

    Is this a bowie knife

  • Dylan White
    Dylan White 3 months ago

    is it possible to make a sword using a combination of titanium and graphite

    • Dylan White
      Dylan White 3 months ago

      +Aaron Washburn sounds like fun in the future maybe

    • Aaron Washburn
      Aaron Washburn 3 months ago +1

      Dylan White well first graphite isn’t a metal. But also the two are used together in high strength composites, however those are laminates which are not meant to take impacts edge on. They are high strength, but again if you’re going to be hitting/impacting things you want a material that is hard and impact resistant. Titanium by itself would probably be better for this application than a composite of the two.

    • Dylan White
      Dylan White 3 months ago

      +Aaron Washburn a super car

    • Dylan White
      Dylan White 3 months ago

      +Aaron Washburn a super carrier in Poland is made of graphite and the sr71 is made of titanium so why not experiment with the 2 metals

    • Aaron Washburn
      Aaron Washburn 3 months ago +1

      Dylan White we’ll both titanium and graphite are relatively soft compared to steel so I don’t know that there would be much of an advantage in a sword.

  • Gonzalo Diaz
    Gonzalo Diaz 3 months ago

    love to see blacksmithing with engineering knowledge

  • Ghost Erik
    Ghost Erik 3 months ago

    1:28 hey, look! It's Pilkington! ...as it once ware... part of the show :3

  • Georgy Padalko
    Georgy Padalko 3 months ago

    Wow, what a collab!

  • Madesh Magendran
    Madesh Magendran 3 months ago

    Simply Fabulous!

  • YouTube guy 35
    YouTube guy 35 3 months ago

    You lost me at this video

  • Pyrosiege
    Pyrosiege 3 months ago

    Definitely helped demonstrate the usefulness of what I learned in my material science class. Nice work.

  • ㄷㄱ
    ㄷㄱ 3 months ago

    Completing engineering

  • Andre L
    Andre L 3 months ago

    How long did you put the steel in the oven for 200 degrees to temper the steel. And do you have any recommendations on books on hardening and tempering steel? Cheers! Thanks for the video.

  • Dana-Leigh Macroberts
    Dana-Leigh Macroberts 3 months ago

    loved the vid

  • Konglim Khoo
    Konglim Khoo 3 months ago

    i wish i have learned material engineering in a weapon forging workshop than a lecture theatre. A lot of the theory would have made a lot more sense. rather almost the whole class was asleep by the 3rd slide.

  • RenchesAndSords
    RenchesAndSords 3 months ago

    if you started with 1095 what would happen?

  • Steve Reinahrt
    Steve Reinahrt 3 months ago

    Love these videos. Very informative. Well done.

  • achillies40
    achillies40 4 months ago

    Alec is AWESOME!!! He is great to watch as he creates masterpieces from not much at all.

  • Katniss
    Katniss 4 months ago +1


  • Aragorn Elessar
    Aragorn Elessar 4 months ago

    864,444 views? Really? Like...there are people that understand this?

  • Tjhai Merchant-Eid
    Tjhai Merchant-Eid 4 months ago

    arduino has plenty of free tutorials
    don't pay for skillshare, this is meant to be an open community....
    other than that good tutorial.

  • Chris Harp
    Chris Harp 4 months ago

    I got lost on the 'ites' part

  • battlethebollocks Rodgers

    That's right that term is a dis-ease in language "fam", if you can't tell I'm on one with no plotted course. Isn't life grand!!!!!!!! P.s. you just got me back into my knife projects

  • battlethebollocks Rodgers

    Damn cool fam...? Why did I just use "fam" to address you and yr informed, and fun video? Dunno, but I asked my brown skinned friend about that term, and really had no idea of it's etiology. Anyhoo, we can thank Azazel, and the other fallen ones for metal knowledge in the first place.

  • GI D
    GI D 4 months ago

    I don't know how well you understand the material you present but the way you present it is very very confusing. I wonder if 1% of those who have watched the video would be able to explain why adding carbon to iron makes it so much stronger.

  • Jason Kemp-Sallis
    Jason Kemp-Sallis 4 months ago

    You just managed to explain that in 10 minutes much more clearly than the tutors I had over a 3 year course of blacksmithing

  • TheRegret
    TheRegret 4 months ago

    so whats the atomic structure of ulfberht swords? why is it described as "diamond mixed with iron" and what would the sheer face be? ulfberht swords are ancient swords of the vikings that still have a cutting edge even today more than 2000 years later. how do we make an ulfberht?

  • John Clarke
    John Clarke 4 months ago

    Would make my life if you made more manufacturing engineering videos

  • Patrick Erdei
    Patrick Erdei 4 months ago

    I've seen around 10 of your videos....your skill to transition from subject to sponsor smoothly, and somehow still stay on topic, is a legit talent ;)

  • acash93
    acash93 4 months ago

    Here is a list of other videos to complement this video:

  • acash93
    acash93 4 months ago

    This is such a great video for understanding material science. Thank you!

  • Adnan Shaikh
    Adnan Shaikh 4 months ago

    Awesome video! I liked it very much but it kinds difficult to understand completely because i am quite weak in this subject... Please make separate videos in detail ! Awesome video! 😇😇

  • vipul chauhan
    vipul chauhan 4 months ago

    Describe about iron carbon diagram in brif ..Nice video 😇

  • w wyborn
    w wyborn 4 months ago

    clickbait , thoguht this was 1000 degrees knife

  • P M
    P M 4 months ago

    Explained really well. Thank you.

  • hugh jasole
    hugh jasole 4 months ago

    Would i need to normalize if i didn't forge the steel? Meaning i used flat steel to begin with and just traced out a pattern and cut out the shape.

  • Mark Thijssen
    Mark Thijssen 4 months ago

    This is a very good video. Thank you for it. Myself I make video's about stuff I never tried befor and look if it is possible to do this at home. At this moment I am making a video in wich I am going to harden low carbon steel by carbonizing. If you want to give it a shot: thexvid.com/video/wCEEhQs3jZA/video.html

  • mark burress
    mark burress 4 months ago

    ThiS is why the first blacksmiths to make steel were considered magicians in some circles.