Why SpaceX Built A Stainless Steel Starship

  • Published on Feb 8, 2019
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    Thank you to www.spadre.com for footage of Starhopper construction.
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    [1] www.wd40.com/cool-stuff/history
    [2] goo.gl/6eyfsP
    [3] www.nasa.gov/feature/nasa-spacex-agree-on-plans-for-crew-launch-day-operations
    [4] www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780124016989000021
    [5] spaceflight101.com/msl/msl-aeroshell-and-heat-shield/

    Extra Reading

    Narrator/Writer: Brian McManus
    Editor: Stephanie Sammann (www.stephanie-sammann.com/)
    Animator: Mike Ridolfi (www.moboxgraphics.com/)
    Sound: Graham Haerther (haerther.net/)
    Thumbnail: Simon Buckmaster twitter.com/forgottentowel

    Music by Epidemic Sound: epidemicsound.com/creator
    Reversed Beginning - Luwaks
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    Atomic Numbers 2 - August Wilhelmsson
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  • Science & TechnologyScience & Technology

Comments • 3 407

  • Real Engineering
    Real Engineering  2 months ago +300

    The daily problems on Brilliant are actually fantastic. Great way to challenge your brain each day. Thanks again to Brilliant for making these videos possible: brilliant.org/realengineering/

    • Loki Vato
      Loki Vato 6 days ago

      Dude, your videos are so incredibly well-crafted and executed. Thank you.

    • trez christy
      trez christy 6 days ago

      STARLITE will really solve 99% of the heat problem

    • trez christy
      trez christy 6 days ago

      Can u please contact elon musk & inform him about the "STARLITE" ....revive that technology, he really REALLY needs it!!! Pretty please....

    • Al Kindi Abu Yosef
      Al Kindi Abu Yosef 14 days ago

      Don Vittorio DiMaggio Your thé crap 💩

    • Don Vittorio DiMaggio
      Don Vittorio DiMaggio Month ago

      I fuckn hate your fuckn channel. the content is just shit crap

  • Dion Savage
    Dion Savage 16 hours ago

    Why not titanium

  • seq165432
    seq165432 Day ago

    Would it not be ironically hilarious if the Mars spaceship ends up looking EXACTLY like the 'absurd' spaceships of 1950's space movies? :)

  • youareonthetube1

    Stainless Steel is a MUST when you are going in and out of WATER and not a vaccum.
    The FACTS speak for themselves.
    Stainless Steel = WATER VESSEL.

  • Catamaran Channel

    Because stuff does rust in space.

  • John Terpack
    John Terpack Day ago

    The ship looks like nothing else... unless you grew up watching '50s sci-fi.

  • J Baldwin
    J Baldwin Day ago

    could be using 'flash bainite steel': newatlas.com/flash-bainite-automotive-testing/40774/ . special heat treatment doing processing to make stronger than other steels so can use less.

  • Olivia esddms
    Olivia esddms Day ago

    So... eventually 3D printing those complicated parts?

  • SevenDeMagnus
    SevenDeMagnus Day ago

    They actually let the carbon fiber tank explode to know it's maximum limit. It didn't fail.

  • electronink
    electronink 2 days ago

    Excellent, well-reasoned, paced and produced video. Side note: at 7:21, the graph denoting 'Strength v. Max Service Temperature' has a typo on the X axis label 'Maximum Service Temperature' - 'Serice' v. 'Service'.

  • Chris Townley
    Chris Townley 3 days ago

    Could I also suggest that Stainless Steel might offer greater protection from particle bombardment and Hard Radiation, as well as the other benefits?

  • John Smith
    John Smith 3 days ago

    Poor doof can't say "aluminum" or "composite". lol. It is spelled "aluminum", not "aloominieium". I always have to laugh when a lot of letters are pronounced that aren't even in the word.

  • Daniel Kuzev
    Daniel Kuzev 4 days ago

    Thanks for the great video. I definitely learnt something!!

  • Chris C
    Chris C 4 days ago

    Trying to ignore the mispronunciation of: "aluminum."

  • rbwannasee
    rbwannasee 4 days ago

    "The stars are not for Man" - Arthur C. Clarke

  • Karl Shrestha
    Karl Shrestha 5 days ago

    Why not?

  • Giuseppe Spalliero
    Giuseppe Spalliero 6 days ago

    that transition into the ad there at the end...👌

  • lazy crazy
    lazy crazy 6 days ago

    You mean a fancy thermos

  • Luke Collins
    Luke Collins 6 days ago


  • PDB
    PDB 6 days ago

    Too much words to explain a motivation that i miss

  • lasalleman
    lasalleman 6 days ago

    Excellent analysis. Ship looks like something from a 1950s pulp science fiction magazine. Given enough time, sci-fi tends to become reality. Seems to me.

    • lasalleman
      lasalleman 4 days ago

      +Bill Anderson Good points. Many problems remain to be solved. All large engineering or scientific projects are a trade off. Especially if public funds are being used. This new starhopper ship looks pretty good. Science and technology will continue to move forward.

    • Bill Anderson
      Bill Anderson 4 days ago

      A gray irony in space travel is that often “high tech” is not better. For example, how do you make water, breathable oxygen, and rocket fuel on Mars? Centuries old technology. Seriously. NASA goes for such perceived high tech these days not because it is technically necessary (most often it isn’t) but because it is politically necessary. They have to “spread the jobs” among enough congressional districts to maintain some semblance of political support, hence budget. The sad irony there is that they wind up doing less for more.

  • Eric Williams
    Eric Williams 6 days ago

    Even though it may look like a "shit show" I'm sure that the rocket scientist/ rocket engineers are learning quite a bit for their "shit show mistakes". Like you said, and showed the site where you can "learn from your mistakes", I'm sure that they are doing the same. Space travel, right now, is still in the "trial and error" stages...yes, there have been a lot of successful launches, but when you really get down to it, they have all just been by sheer luck pretty much.

  • Conroy Boothe
    Conroy Boothe 6 days ago

    I still don't trust Elon Musk

  • CrazyLegs
    CrazyLegs 6 days ago

    "it's more 'penisy' than your other space x rockets"

  • trez christy
    trez christy 6 days ago

    7:30 WOW! the earth is really flat eh FLAT EARTHURDS!!!!
    I really REALLY really want to put bullet passed right through ur forehead...each 1 of u flat earthurds!!
    all u know is to promote HATE & annoying!

  • trez christy
    trez christy 6 days ago

    5:04 - 5:26 the rocket design was beautiful & sexy! =)

  • mccallumcra
    mccallumcra 7 days ago

    I kinda like that idea of sweating to cool. I hope the ship doesn't get any blackheads like I'd from sweating but I doubt that would happen with methane as long as you don't go to a planet with a high pressure atmosphere. Lol

  • Zen Rhys
    Zen Rhys 7 days ago

    Y not use graphene....

  • James Lavanway
    James Lavanway 7 days ago +2

    Great video, but where are you finding the extra "I" in aluminum?

  • Shaan Bukhari
    Shaan Bukhari 7 days ago

    We need a nuclear powered rocket engine

  • Shaan Bukhari
    Shaan Bukhari 7 days ago

    8:37 , looks like my rooster

  • Dali Parson
    Dali Parson 7 days ago


  • Ligma Balls
    Ligma Balls 7 days ago

    Only words I understood: steel,mars,freeze

  • I YOUTUBE Bread
    I YOUTUBE Bread 7 days ago

    It’s aluminum not aluminum😭😂

  • Preston Sanchez
    Preston Sanchez 7 days ago


    • Finn Wain
      Finn Wain 6 days ago

      Preston Sanchez lmao only Americans say it that way

  • Ger Loke
    Ger Loke 8 days ago

    Yeah, first starship!

  • Ian Eune
    Ian Eune 8 days ago

    Nice V2... or rather V3 rocket

  • Naeem Akram
    Naeem Akram 8 days ago

    Cool info

  • DrakE (original)
    DrakE (original) 8 days ago

    Isn't titanium better? 🤔
    I mean better than steel and aluminum
    If someone would've to make something durable for various space flights that's the best material

    • DrakE (original)
      DrakE (original) 7 days ago

      +Loxx Rexx that's better sir. Titanium is expensive but its stronger than steel and a little bit heavier than aluminum.
      Excepting graphene, is the most "futuristic" and advanced material overall

    • Loxx Rexx
      Loxx Rexx 7 days ago

      Yet, according to wikipedia and stuff, it has a lower heat conductivity and higher melting point than stainless steel.

    • Loxx Rexx
      Loxx Rexx 7 days ago

      Im not sure, but i think titanium is way to expensive?

  • CircularSolid5
    CircularSolid5 8 days ago

    >Hopper joined the chat
    >Wind joined the chat
    >Hopper left the chat

  • Mike Castellon
    Mike Castellon 8 days ago

    They built out of stainless steel so it wouldn’t get easily stained

  • Khashayar Dashtdar
    Khashayar Dashtdar 8 days ago

    I think this shiny star ship is just a joke. The real thing will be unveiled within a couple of years.

  • SteveVi0lence
    SteveVi0lence 8 days ago

    It looks like a dildo

  • James Gilkison
    James Gilkison 8 days ago

    Btw Any is Any not Anne.

  • zygmunt szymanski
    zygmunt szymanski 8 days ago

    Gdyby nie niemieccy i rosyjscy inzynierowie to amerykanscy bandyci na orbite by dylizansami jezdzili !!!

  • Scott Minnella
    Scott Minnella 8 days ago

    Why does NASA have any say in any of this? SpaceX should take their advice, but not need their approval.

  • amazingman63
    amazingman63 9 days ago

    I think its amazing that something made out of steel can be so thin that storm winds could knock it over

  • Daniel Purdy
    Daniel Purdy 9 days ago

    To waste money and do nothing with it. Still can’t go to the moon and they say we did 60 years ago.

  • TGS Shane
    TGS Shane 9 days ago +1

    “Why did space x build a stainless steel starship?”
    Answer: cause it’s cool

    • saip bop
      saip bop 7 days ago

      Haha yeh that's what whole the video was about

  • Aiwin Anton
    Aiwin Anton 9 days ago

    7:05 "stainless steel shines"😂😂

  • aiuio000 gggft
    aiuio000 gggft 9 days ago

    2019 : resuable rockets
    2030: reusable condoms

    • Merp
      Merp 8 days ago

      2045 condom rockets

  • Ali Stair
    Ali Stair 9 days ago

    So they don’t get stains on it dumbass

  • JAMP0T1
    JAMP0T1 9 days ago

    ‘Oh fuck it fell over, quick pick it up before anyone notices’

  • UrAvrgAshen1
    UrAvrgAshen1 9 days ago

    they need vibranium

  • Rawdilz
    Rawdilz 10 days ago

    This was a super interesting video

  • luis wenzel
    luis wenzel 10 days ago

    I am from germany and i didnt know where you did acually come from until i saw your electrical resistance... -> USA
    Please dont use them they are a crime against mankind.
    Thank u

    • Quinton Beck
      Quinton Beck 8 days ago

      I am from the US and I can say with 100% certainty that Brian is not from the US. He is speaking Irish English, so I presume he is Irish.

  • Gaming with Rocket
    Gaming with Rocket 10 days ago

    Walking back to the fifties with stainless steel Rockets, don't mind the other one over there. that one fell down last week 😂

  • Siddhartha Rajput
    Siddhartha Rajput 10 days ago +1

    Hell of a knowledge...
    Liked the way you interdused the sponsor..🤘👍

  • Lhenkhantus
    Lhenkhantus 10 days ago +3

    Next video: SpaceX creates a vodka bottle shaped rocket made aout of stalinium

  • Frank Davignon
    Frank Davignon 11 days ago

    You say SpaceX I hear Spay Sex ...lol

  • Frank Davignon
    Frank Davignon 11 days ago +5

    Noo oil on Maars? Why da fueck are we bothering? lol

  • solobackpacking
    solobackpacking 11 days ago

    We can optimize the technology we have but practically speaking we are not ready.

  • chinito2912
    chinito2912 12 days ago +54

    Elon Musk: “In this spaceship we will reach mars”
    Spaceship: *gets knocked down by wind*

  • Bubble
    Bubble 12 days ago

    That video makes you wonder, what if there was metal light as aluminum and strong as steel? Well, guess what - Titanium.

    • Bubble
      Bubble 11 days ago

      +Old Albird Haha so smart, of course they do. But video shows you these graphs with weight and strength, and do not acknowledge titanium, which is widely use in space and supersonic planes. The narration goes like there is no alternative, it should've said: "there is titanium which is light as aluminum, and strong as steel but it could not be used in this instance because blablabalbalba" get it?

    • Old Albird
      Old Albird 12 days ago

      Bubble i think those scientists know what they‘re doing and they know the periodic table

  • Cordero **ƚ**
    Cordero **ƚ** 12 days ago

    I wonder what they realy bringing back with them.

  • Banks Nicholson
    Banks Nicholson 12 days ago

    Alright let’s settle this is it Ah-loo-mi-num or Ah-lu-min-ium

  • Jasonfireshield
    Jasonfireshield 12 days ago +93

    The first liquid cooled rocket better have RGB

    • Dwu Tlenek Wodoru
      Dwu Tlenek Wodoru 7 days ago

      zygmunt szymanski hahaha, Cejrowski wszedł mocno

    • shockwave2291
      shockwave2291 8 days ago

      Especially because it makes it go faster.

    • SteveVi0lence
      SteveVi0lence 8 days ago +1


    • zygmunt szymanski
      zygmunt szymanski 8 days ago

      Ty jestes potomek tych co sie dali w Afryce w siatke zlapac ?? Podziekuj rosyjskim i niemieckim naukowcom..bo bys na orbite dylizansem jezdzil..

    • knifey
      knifey 10 days ago

      Jasonfireshield yea

  • BootlessDave
    BootlessDave 12 days ago +34

    Space X: "I can build reusable rockets that land themselves on land or on water at the same time!"

    Wind: "Can i come?"

  • bluefox venus
    bluefox venus 12 days ago

    Background music not needed

  • John Hedges
    John Hedges 12 days ago

    Elon Musk is not a rocket scientist.... SpaceX are the brains, and he's the guy behind them. Elon is not planning to use these technologies, he's showing the technology that SpaceX have developed! 🤦🏻‍♂️

  • Michael Udeze
    Michael Udeze 13 days ago


  • Dr Alchemy
    Dr Alchemy 13 days ago

    Sense you are so smart and opinionated why dont you go work for SpaceX and solve their problems. Your opinion means nothing.

  • lusia permita sari
    lusia permita sari 13 days ago +1

    Amazing! such a great explanation & the narration is easy to follow (even for dumb me)

  • Riley Kingston
    Riley Kingston 13 days ago


    Helium would help?

  • cujoe Mblakka
    cujoe Mblakka 13 days ago

    Pulse frequency, to cool the craft and put out fires.

  • Jay Gill
    Jay Gill 14 days ago

    You keep on referring to stainless steel as steel.

  • Azi Smythe
    Azi Smythe 14 days ago

    Somebody play "Telstar" or the theme from "Fireball XL5" !!!!!

  • Just Dave
    Just Dave 14 days ago

    It's a spaceship, not a starship, unless they moved Mars to another star system.

  • Martin Långvik
    Martin Långvik 14 days ago

    was like, what the fuck is maris xD

  • Young Scientist of the USA

    Maybe they should make a titanium rocket because titanium is way stronger than steel and aluminum but it is lighter.

  • Dear Leader
    Dear Leader 14 days ago

    Let’s go to mars
    *they got oil in it*

  • Crack Nation
    Crack Nation 14 days ago

    Hahahah “ to Merrs “

  • Roy Campbell
    Roy Campbell 14 days ago

    earth is a space ship. with systems critical to its cleanliness

  • The Centurion
    The Centurion 15 days ago +1

    What a great video, this really explained all of the design choices perfectly, good work.

  • Patrick Fuchs
    Patrick Fuchs 15 days ago

    He should make a ship out of unobtainium

    • Al Sp
      Al Sp 10 days ago

      Did you jizz on children?

  • Becoming Vincent
    Becoming Vincent 16 days ago

    Will it look black/burnt after landing ?

  • Brandon
    Brandon 16 days ago

    Why would someone want to go to Mars in something you could punch a hole through or by like hitting your head on the side of the ship

  • Intended
    Intended 16 days ago

    Watch him land 2 of these at once

  • Knot Evil
    Knot Evil 16 days ago

    Great video but that transition to signing up for "brilliant" was a stretch

  • snoot dingo
    snoot dingo 17 days ago +12

    Short answer: they felt like replicating Queen Amidala's ship.

  • Ap0c
    Ap0c 17 days ago

    Stainless steel wtf.. weak material.

  • Michigan Truther
    Michigan Truther 17 days ago +1


  • Joe Monroe
    Joe Monroe 17 days ago

    There is only one "i" in aluminum.

  • Bundy714
    Bundy714 17 days ago

    I keep seeing articles and videos where they discuss rocket technology for going to the Moon and Mars, and setting up bases. As if those are the only challenges. YET, every long term study of people spending time in space shows that the space environment is extremely harmful to our bodies. Between the lack of gravity, causing skeletal, muscular and eye degeneration, you have radiation screwing with people's chromosomes, DNA, and immune system. Why don't we ever hear about anyone addressing those, well known, issues? So far, space exploration seems like a very short term job, because it will eventually kill you. So, it's pretty much, a one way trip, unless you make that trip very short. Which is just the opposite of either a lunar base or Mars base. Your body wouldn't be able to handle coming home after a stay on Mars, because of skeletal and muscular degeneration, possible blindness, and have a compromised immune system and/or cancer. Read up on what they have learned about the effects of long term space flight on the ISS and you'll see what I mean. They don't like telling you what happens to the human body when it spends a year or more in space. It's not good.
    To me, it's the human body's limitations and vulnerabilities that are the most pressing issue with space exploration. Unless those issues are addressed, it's exploration by robot. Or short life span, suicidal, disposable astronauts. I have plenty of confidence that we can build the rockets, structures, etc.....but shielding the human body from radiation and battling the effects of near zero gravity may prove our undoing. We are very much unsuited for the rigors of space exploration.

  • Zoe Porphyrogenita
    Zoe Porphyrogenita 17 days ago

    Spoiler: SpaceX hasn’t built a starship.

  • Murray Lewis
    Murray Lewis 17 days ago

    Until I saw this I thought a stainless ship was just some kind of joke or PR stunt.

  • Robert
    Robert 17 days ago

    Maybe they can find a new metal on Mars that can handle a flight threw the sun.

  • W-nyq
    W-nyq 18 days ago


  • robin roberts
    robin roberts 18 days ago

    I know how they could lose some weight,starve the bullshitting astronaughts to death,no one as been to space or ever will

  • walton market
    walton market 18 days ago

    The only thing Space x make are vibrators to give all the retards an orgasm.